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Preschoolers: Health

Diseases, Disorders, Illnesses and General Medical Information

Learning more about the medical problems that inflict our children is important to every parent. The following articles relate to specific pediatric problems, illnesses or diseases and provide everything from in depth information to recent news for children in the preschool years. Other areas at KidSource OnLine to refer to are General Health and Diseases and Disorders.

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Pertussis in the Child Care Setting

Pertussis (whooping cough) is a very contagious and dangerous infection of the respiratory tract caused by the bacterium Bordetella pertussis. Whooping cough gets its name from the whooping sound the child makes when trying to draw breath after a coughing spell.

10 Tips to Healthy Eating and Physical Activity For You

Here's 10 tips to healthy eating and physical activity for you from the International Food Information Council Foundation, The American Dietetic Association, National Center for Nutrition and Dietetics and President's Council on Physical Fitness and Sports.

Child Health Guide - Put Prevention into Practice

This is an outstanding 30 page guide from the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services that has information on preventative care and on good health habits. Use it as a permanent record to help you keep track of your child's health and care through the years. This guide contains many great growth charts, immunization tables and other quick-reference information that can help your child get a healthy start on life.

Pinkeye (Conjunctivitis) in the Child Care Setting

Pinkeye, also called conjunctivitis, can be caused by bacterial or viral infections or by allergic reactions to dust, pollen, and other materials. Here's what you need to do to prevent pinkeye from spreading in a child care setting.

Growing Up Drug Free: A Parent's Guide To Prevention

Today the widespread use of alcohol and other drugs subjects our children, families, and communities to pressures unheard of 30 or 40 years ago. Frankly, many of us need help to deal with this frightening threat to our children's health and well-being. Recent surveys show that we are making progress in our national battle against some drugs, but more is needed. This excellent article is filled with ideas, steps and advice to help parents prevent drug use and is organized by grade level, starting at preschool and continuing on through 12th grade.

Helping Your Overweight Child

In the United States at least one child in five is overweight and the number of overweight children continues to grow. This article will help parents understand what they can do to help their overweight child.

E. Coli Infections Detection and Prevention Information

E. Coli is one of many diarrheal illnesses a child can contract; yet, its severity warrants special attention. This 3-part article, as part of our special area on E. Coli infections, covers these important topics: * how to help prevent E. Coli infections in your children * what to do if you think your child has E. Coli * how parents can help prevent and halt E. Coli epidemics

On the Teen Scene: Dodging the Rays

There is no such thing as a safe tan. Why does the body tan? Because the body is being injured by ultraviolet [UV] radiation that hits it. Regardless of your skin color, if you're going to be out in the sun, even for a short time, apply a sunscreen to all skin that will be exposed. Apply the sunscreen generously before going into the sun and reapply it often.

Back to School With Food Allergies

Preparing children to start a new school year can be exciting. However, for parents of children with food allergies, that excitement is often replaced by anxiety. An estimated 7% -- or up to 2 million -- children have food allergies and are at risk for a life-threatening reaction called anaphylaxis. To assist parents, school staff and childcare providers in preventing and providing emergency treatment for anaphylaxis, the American Academy of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology (AAAAI) has released a position statement offering a series of tips and guidelines.

E.Coli Infections - What Parents Should Know and Do

With a recent E. Coli outbreak in the western U.S. sending many children to the hospital, and perhaps killing one toddler, we learned that many parents are not adequately informed about the dangers and issues around E. Coli infections. In this area you'll find personal stories, medical information, news articles and more to help you protect your children.

Emergency Physicians Want Americans to Know When to Seek Medical Care For Serious Cuts

The American College of Emergency Physicians (ACEP) is urging Americans to practice Fast Aid First, and learn the basics of emergency wound care.

Insulin-Dependent Diabetes

This in depth article, from U.S. Department of Health And Human Services describes Insulin-dependent diabetes (IDDM), a chronic disease that usually begins in childhood.

Preventing Dehydration in Children

Oral rehydration therapy (ORT) was developed in the 1950s for developing countries, where diarrhea is common. Here in the United States, an estimated 500 American children die annually from diarrhea, and the illness is not seen as a major threat. As a result, doctors often do not recommend ORT for their young patients.

The Healthy Attitude of Today's Kids

If a positive attitude is the first step to better health, America's kids are well on their way. Of the youngsters questioned in a new Gallup survey, 97 percent agree that a balanced diet is very important for good health, and 98 percent agree that physical activity is too. Although they get an "A" for attitude, kids aren't making the grade when it comes to understanding what constitutes good nutrition and exercising as much as they should.

How to Help Your Child When a Fever Strikes

The change in seasons, from winter to spring, means different things for different people. For some, it is the beginning of baseball season, while for others it is a time to start planting their gardens. Unfortunately, it is also the time when many children become sick with a fever.

Learning Partners -- Let's Be Healthy!

Good health comes from good habits and wise choices. To enjoy good health now and in the future, youngsters must learn how to exercise, control stress, be clean, and reduce the risk of disease. They must get into the habit of eating nutritious foods, having plenty of sleep, and understanding how physical and emotional health are related.

Ringworm in the Child Care Setting

Ringworm is a fungus infection of the scalp or skin. Symptoms include a rash that is often itchy and flaky. Ringworm on the scalp may leave a flaky patch of baldness. This article outlines what should be done if this illness is present in a child care facility.

Exercise and a Balanced Diet Are Best Tools to Fight Childhood Obesity

Pediatric obesity and nutrition experts today said that increasing physical activity and emphasizing eating a wide variety of foods, for a high fiber and low fat diet, are the most important steps parents should take in preventing childhood obesity. The comments were made as part of a national conference on pediatric obesity sponsored by the Georgetown University's Center for Food and Nutrition policy.

Escherichia (E.) coli In The Child Care Setting

Escherichia (E.) coli bacteria are found in the digestive tracts of most humans and many animals. Usually, these infections are harmless and may even be beneficial. Not all E. coli are alike and, in a few cases, illness may result from infection with particular strains. One strain, E. coli O157:H7, causes one of the most serious digestive tract infections in the United States.

What You Should Know About Chicken Pox

Chickenpox is a very contagious disease caused by the varicella zoster virus. Most children in the United States experience chickenpox before they are school-aged. A vaccine against chickenpox is now available. Although chickenpox is not a serious disease for most children, those whose immune systems are impaired (e.g., newborns and persons who are on chemotherapy for cancer, have AIDS, or take steroids like cortisone or prednisone) may experience severe disease, or even death.

A Parent's Guide To Doctors, Disabilities, And The Family

How do families with a child who may have a disability and/or special health care need choose a doctor? This paper will explore questions like this and discuss some possible answers.

Tips for Managing Asthma

The National Institute of Health (NIH) reports that asthma is the number one chronic condition causing children to be absent from school and the highest ranked cause of pediatric hospitalization in the United States. This article offers tips for managing asthma.

Roseola in the Child Care Setting

Roseola is caused by a virus called human herpes virus 6 (HHV-6) and, possibly, human herpes virus. It is most common in children 6 months to 24 months of age. This article provides both parents and child care providers with a basic overview of this illness.

Watching Closely If Your Child Bumps Her Head

A bump on the head is a routine part of growing up for most kids. But it's always traumatic for parents. Usually, wiping away the tears and putting a little ice on the lump is all your child needs.

How to Give Medicine to Children

Whether it's a prescription or over-the-counter (OTC) drug, dispensing medicine properly to children is important. Given incorrectly, drugs may be ineffective or harmful. This article contains important information about dispensing medicine correctly.

Tetanus - In The Child Care Setting

Tetanus, also called lockjaw, is very rare in the United States due to the very high immunization rates of persons living here. Tetanus is difficult to treat, but is completely preventable through vaccination.

The Fright of the Iguana: Pet Reptiles Pose Risk of Salmonella Infection for Their Owners

Iguanas and other reptiles are very popular pets, but these reptiles carry salmonella bacteria, which can infect owners that don't practice scrupulous hygiene. Many parents do not know that owning an iguana puts their children at risk for salmonella infection.

Common Cold in the Child Care Setting

This article will help parents and caregivers understand more about the common cold and what to do about preventing them from being spread in a child care (or school) environment.

The Common Cold

Sneezing, scratchy throat, runny nose—everyone knows the first signs of a cold, probably the most common illness known. Although the common cold is usually mild, with symptoms lasting a week or less, it is a leading cause of doctor visits and of school and job absenteeism. This good article summarizes the causes, preventive steps and treatments of the common cold.

Diarrheal Diseases in the Child Care Setting

Diarrhea can be caused by a variety of different germs, including bacteria, viruses, and parasites. However, children can sometimes have diarrhea without having an infection, such as when diarrhea is caused by food allergies or as a result of taking medicines such as antibiotics. This article is a good overview of this problem and how its spread can be controlled in a child-care environment.

Cold Sores in the Child Care Setting

This article will help parents and caregivers understand what cold sores are and what to do about preventing them from being spread in a child care (or school) environment.

Lyme Disease -The Facts, The Challenge

This brochure from the National Institute of Health presents information on the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of Lyme disease, a disease spread by the bite of the deer tick. Lyme disease is still mistaken for other ailments, and it continues to pose many other challenges: it can be difficult to diagnose because of the inadequacies of today's laboratory tests; it can be troublesome to treat in its later phases; and its prevention through the development of an effective vaccine is hampered by the elusive nature of the bacterium.

Questions and Answers about Otitis Media, Hearing and Language Development

American Speech-Language Hearing Association describes how Otitis Media (an inflammation in the middle ear) affects hearing and how it can cause language and speech problems.

Kids Aren't Just Small Adults: Medicines and Children

Today's nonprescription, over-the-counter (OTC) drugs are safe and effective treatments. And they are serious medicines--no less so for children than adults.With that in mind, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA), working with manufacturers of OTC drugs, developed this article with important advice for parents.

NFID Experts Urge Wide Use of New Childhood Vaccine Schedule

The U.S. Public Health Service joined with pediatricians to praise the new 1997 childhood immunization schedule for giving pediatricians and parents more choices when selecting vaccines, without compromising safety and efficacy. Details of the new schedule -- and reasons for the changes -- were discussed at a press conference sponsored by the National Foundation for Infectious Diseases (NFID).

Precautions Against Summer's Insects and Poisonous Plants

A toxicologist and itch expert at the Lanacane Itch Information Center provides good recommendations in this article that will help keep summer itches to a minimum.


Before you or your children take any medications, review this list of questions that you should review or ask your doctor or pharmacist. This article, from the National Foster Parent Association will also help you 'overhaul your medicine cabinet'.

Sizing Up Kids' Nutrition and Fitness

Sound nutrition and fitness habits developed during childhood have the potential to last a lifetime. To examine how today's youth measure up in terms of diet and activity, the International Food Information Council Foundation and the International Life Sciences Institute-North America recently convened a conference, drawing on experts in pediatrics, nutrition, exercise physiology and education.

Your Child's Check-up

Doctor visits are part of every child's life, but they may be uncomfortable and frightening for children, and difficult for their parents. This article, provided by Lucile Packard Children's Health Services, has suggestions to make them easier for both you and your child.

Hay Fever and Allergies

Hay fever is one of the most common allergies. Here are 11 very good suggestions to help prevent symptoms if your child has hay fever.

Health Tips Due to Early Influenza Season

With the influenza season upon us, it's important to know your child's main symptoms and know when you should call your local health care provider. This article also describes how to identify the flu and it lists steps that you can do to help someone who's stricken.

Parents Play Key Role in Minimizing Impact of Children's Allergies

Pediatric allergies are a chronic disease affecting more than 20 percent of school-age children and must be diagnosed early and treated properly. Parents must take a proactive role in identifying their child's allergy symptoms and in seeking proper treatment. By doing so, parents can ensure a child's physical symptoms are properly managed and quality of life is restored.

Free Back-To-School Vision Checks Offered Nationwide

If a student's vision doesn't meet the grade, his or her performance in school may not be a true indicator of academic capabilities. This article describes the value of eye exams and includes a good list of signs of possible eye trouble in children, provided by Prevent Blindness America.

The Hazards of Raw Apple Juice/Cider

Raw apple beverages have been identified as a repeated source of bacterial contamination that has killed and maimed children in over five states. Children, seniors, the immune impaired and pregnant women are advised to drink only pasteurized apple juice/cider.

Asthma in the Child Care Setting

Asthma is a chronic breathing disorder and is the most common chronic health problem among children. Children with asthma have attacks of coughing, wheezing, and shortness of breath, which may be very serious. This article provides both parents and child care providers with a basic overview of this illness and it provides basic preventative guidelines.

Illnesses and Child Care

Illness, young children, and child care are facts of life. Young children get sick more frequently than adults because their immune systems can not fight disease as well. Considering the large number of children in child care, both parents and child care providers must learn to recognize whether children should attend child care, or stay at home.

Your Child's Check-up

Doctor visits are part of every child's life, but they may be uncomfortable and frightening for children, and difficult for their parents. Here are some suggestions from the Lucile Packard Children's Health Services to make them easier for both you and your child.

Choosing A Doctor For Your Child

When anticipating birth or adoption, one of the most important, yet difficult decisions you will make is choosing a doctor for your child. This article from the Lucile Packard Children's Health Services may be helpful.

AAO: Hand Eye Dominance

For years, students of baseball believed hand-eye dominance was an important factor in determining a baseball player's batting performance. In an effort to answer the question of dominance patterns, Drs. Laby, Kirschen, Rosenbaum, and Mellman of the Jules Eye Institute at UCLA studied 410 members of the Los Angeles Dodgers professional baseball team during the 1992-1995 baseball seasons.

Parents Test Their AQ (Allergy Quotient)

A survey released by the American Lung Association (ALA) reveals that 83 percent of parents in households with allergy sufferers claim to know the difference between symptoms of allergies and the common cold. Many parents, however, could not tell the difference between three out of five allergy symptoms, including fever, sneezing and duration.

Proper Treatment of Atopic Dermatitis May Bring Relief

Atopic dermatitis, one of the most common skin disorders of children, is uncomfortable for those who suffer from the disease, and can be stressful for their parents/caregivers. But, say dermatologists, with proper treatment and precautions, this form of eczema can be controlled.

Vitamin C Found to Lower Levels of Lead in Blood

Scientists at the University of California at San Francisco have found that Vitamin C helps reduce dangerous blood levels of lead, a condition that can harm neurological development in children.

Kids Getting Another Chance At Life, Youth Blood Donation Needs

Kids who have received life-saving blood transfusions are the focus of a new national blood donor recruitment effort debuting this fall.

Glaxo Wellcome Inc. Receives Approval to Market Lamictal For A Difficult-To-Treat Childhood Epilepsy

Glaxo Wellcome Inc. has received approval from the United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA) to market Lamictal(R) (lamotrigine) Tablets for the add-on treatment of generalized seizures associated with Lennox-Gastaut syndrome (LGS). This syndrome is one of the most severe and difficult-to-control forms of epilepsy in children and adults. Lamictal has been available in the U.S. since 1994 as add-on therapy (prescribed in combination with other antiepileptic medications) for the treatment of partial seizures in adults with epilepsy and has been used by more than 1.38 million patients worldwide.

Toy Manufacturers Agree to Rid Products of Lead

Manufacturers of portable cribs and play yards have joined in the effort to warn consumers and childcare providers to stop using the more than 1.5 million portable cribs and play yards that have been recalled in past years. Top rail hinges must be turned to set up the cribs and play yards. These top rails can collapse, entrapping children and suffocating them.

Those With Asthma: Take Precautions During High Ozone Days

To many Americans, concern over depletion of the ozone layer may seem to conflict with the weatherman's warning about high ozone on humid days. This confusion arises because ozone can be good or bad, depending on where it is. Excess ozone at ground level can be extremely detrimental. This is of particular concern to the 15 million adults and children who have asthma.

New Simple Treatment Available to Reduce Pain in Children During Routine Shots and Injections

Astra Pharmaceuticals, L.P., announced today the availability of EMLA(R) Anesthetic Disc (lidocaine 2.5% and prilocaine 2.5% cream) Topical Adhesive System, a new and easy to use "peel-and-stick" topical anesthetic for use on normal intact skin for local analgesia (inability to feel pain) in children over the age of one month. EMLA, available by prescription, delivers local anesthesia directly into a child's skin before an injection is given, helping reduce the physical pain associated with needle insertions.

Avoid the Time-Change Blues With Tips From Sleep Expert

"Ten more minutes!" It's a phrase parents often hear from children postponing the inevitable -- bedtime. Besides the routine challenge parents face in the bedtime struggle, the October 25 time change can make it harder for children to sleep well, and can affect their performance at school. Experts from the Texas Children's Hospital offer tips for parents to help their children adjust.

FDA Approves Serevent Diskus for Use in Children With Asthma Ages Four and Up

Two out of three children with asthma under 12 years of age have difficulty controlling their symptoms. Asthma can cause children to awaken at night with nocturnal symptoms (e.g., coughing, shortness of breath, chest tightness) and it can cause exercise-induced bronchospasm during physical exertion or exercise. Both conditions may require frequent use of short- acting medicine to control asthma symptoms. Serevent Diskus, FDA approved, is now available with long-acting, inhaled bronchodilator that helps provide long-term, 12-hour control of asthma symptoms and is available in an easy-to-use, breath-activated, dry powder delivery device.

Nearly One-Third of Streptococcus Pneumoniae Are Resistant to Newer Antibiotics

In this study, in which researchers gathered samples from doctors' offices, about one-third of all strains of S. pneumoniae were resistant to the newer, broad-spectrum antibiotics azithromycin, clarithromycin, cefprozil and cefuroxime. Amoxicillin/clavulanate, an antibiotic used for more than 14 years, proved to be the most active antibiotic against S. pneumoniae.

Earache (Otitis Media) in the Child Care Setting

An earache or ear infection (otitis media) is usually a complication of an upper respiratory infection, such as a cold. This article is a good introduction to this common childhood malady and it describes various ways that one can prevent the spread of upper respiratory infections that can cause ear infections.

Substance Exposed Infants and Children

The problems associated with prenatal substance abuse are increasing and have serious implications for the future educational needs of the children and families affected. Services, programs, and strategies that have been developed in the field of special education will have a role to play in meeting their needs.

Rotavirus Diarrhea

Rotavirus is one type of virus that causes diarrhea, especially in young children. It is a common cause of infection is a common cause of diarrhea in the child care setting

Heightened Threat of Ringworm;

Ringworm of the scalp, more commonly known as tinea capitis, is a contagious infectious disease. There is general agreement among health care professionals that its prevalence has been increasing steadily over the past few years, and that it now constitutes a significant public health problem in this country.

General Information about Traumatic Brain Injury

The National Information Center for Children and Youth with Disabilities details how TBI is the leading cause of death and disability in children and adolescents in the United States and affects more than 1 million children each year. This article provides general information, describes educational implications of TBI and provides a list of resources for further information.

Tips to Help Parents and Kids Cope with Allergy Season

The Asthma and Allergy Foundation of America ( AAFA) recommends that parents follow a few basic steps to help them and their children enjoy warm weather. This news item contains specific tips for parents to follow that may be able to significantly minimize the symptoms caused by seasonal allergies.


Cryptosporidiosis is an infectious diarrheal disease caused by the Cryptosporidium parasite. Cryptosporidiosis is a common cause of diarrhea in children, especially those in child care settings.

Check Your Child's Vision Every Two Years

With children heading back to school, the American Academy of Ophthalmology recommends that school age children have a complete medical eye exam by their fourth birthday, and routine eye exams approximately every two years thereafter. This article also includes a question and answer section about learning disabilities, addressing issues that parents raise about eye problems and learning disabilities.

Children Without Cavities: A Growing Trend

The Pennsylvania Dental Association (PDA) reports that a study in the Journal of the American Dental Association (JADA) indicates the number of school-aged children without cavities permanent teeth has doubled in the past two decades.

Testing Your Child's Hearing

This article states that from the day of birth, an infant's hearing ability can be accurately tested and if you think your child has the slightest hearing or speech problem, have your child's hearing examined. A loss of hearing can result in developmental delays and missed learning experiences.

Considering Orthodontics? Here Are Some Things to Think About

This is brief overview article outlining key points and issues regarding orthordontics, including cost, finding an orthodontist and when to have your child's teeth examined. This article is appropriate if you are just beginning to consider orthodontics for your child.

General Information about Visual Impairments

This article from the National Information Center for Children and Youth with Disabilities (NICHCY) describes the characteristics and educational implications of visual impairments, including partially sighted, low vision, legally blind, and totally blind impairments. A good list of additional resources is also included.

Pediatricians Warn Overmedication Can Occur

A new survey of pediatricians, conducted at the recent Annual Meeting of the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP), shows that 61 percent of respondents are very concerned that, by combining common over-the-counter cold and fever medications, parents may unwittingly give their children an overdose of medication, putting children's health at risk.

Parents Good Judges a Fever; But Glass Mercury Thermometer Are Best

In most households, parents can tell when their child has a fever by the age-old method of feeling the child's head. However, the most reliable and accurate way to measure a child's temperature - especially for children two years and younger -- is with the old stand-by - a glass mercury thermometer used rectally or orally.

S.T.O.P. Announces Medical Conference on Hemolytic UremicSyndrome (HUS)

S.T.O.P. - Safe Tables Our Priority today announced that it is hosting a one day medical conference of specific interest to survivors of E. coli O157:H7, their parents and physicians. This release has conference details.

Juvenile Diabetes Foundation International Stresses Urgency OfDiabetes Warning Signs

Reports of the recent tragic death of a 10-year old New Jersey girl who died allegedly from an undiagnosed case of Type 1 (juvenile) diabetes last week prompts the Juvenile Diabetes Foundation International (JDFI) to alert parents to the warning signs of diabetes.

Ten Ways Fathers Can Contribute to their Children's Health

Dr. Joseph Garcia-Prats, neonatologist at Texas Children's Hospital and himself a father of ten sons, stresses that fathers need to realize there are more aspects to their children's well-being than medical health.

Flu Epidemic Hits 19 States

According to the CDC, the first flu outbreak has hit -- with 19 states reporting cases of influenza. Close to 50% of kids will get the flu or flu- like symptoms this winter.

A Little Effort Goes A Long Way to Keep Asthma Patients Healthy

Children treated for acute asthma attacks who went home to parents who smoke stayed healthier if care givers made regular follow up calls to check on measures to reduce the children's exposure to environmental tobacco smoke (ETS), according to a study by the Pulmonary Division at Children's Hospital and Medical Center in Seattle, Wash.

Asthma Rates in Inner City Children Higher than Reported

According to a study presented today at the American Lung Association/American Thoracic Society 1997 International Conference, the prevalence and severity of asthma among inner-city school children may be much higher than currently believed. In addition, "Asthmatic children have a significantly greater number of missed school days," says study author, Salvatore Mangione, M.D.

Long-Term Safety is Chief Concern for Treating Pediatric Eczema

An extensive new survey has found that parents of children with atopic dermatitis and treating physicians desire safer, more effective therapies that would be suitable for managing the chronic condition over the long term.

Ten Easy Tips to Fight the Cold War & Win

With nearly 45 million people across the country currently suffering from the common cold, flu or related respiratory symptoms, individuals need all of the ammunition they can get their hands on to fight the good fight. Here are 10 useful tips to help get you and your family thru this year's flu season.

Childhood Obesity

Between 5-25 percent of children and teenagers in the United States are obese (Dietz, 1983). As with adults, the prevalence of obesity in the young varies by ethnic group. This article talks about the definition, problems, prevention, and treatment of obese children.

Hand-Foot-and-Mouth Disease (Coxsackie A) in the Child CareSetting

Hand-foot-and-mouth disease can be spread when the virus present in the blisters is passed to another person. This article explains how to identify this disease and how to control it from spreading in a child-care environment.

New Study Confirms Superiority of Augmentin to Zithromax in Treating Middle Ear Infections

Augmentin(R) (amoxicillin/clavulanate), an oral antibiotic, is more effective than Zithromax(R) (azithromycin) in eradicating the most common bacteria that cause middle ear infections (acute otitis media, or AOM) in children, according to a new study published in the February issue of the Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal. The study also shows that Augmentin is more effective in reducing or curing the symptoms associated with AOM.

Campylobacter Infections in the Child Care Setting

Campylobacter infections are caused by a group of bacteria which are found in many different birds and mammals. While we once thought that this group only caused infections in other animals, we now know that the campylobacteria are responsible for a number of diseases, including diarrheal illness, in humans.

Chickenpox Complications May Be Serious

Chickenpox, often thought of as an annoying, but relatively benign childhood illness, too often may lead to hospitalization or even death, researchers reported today at the 31st National Immunization Conference sponsored by the Centers for Disease Control National Immunization Program.

Scientists Identify Gene Abnormality Present in Childhood Leukemia

Scientists have determined that the Ikaros gene plays a role in the development of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL)

New Insight for Antibacterial Drug Development - Triclosan Resistant Enzyme Found

Triclosan is the antibacterial agent included in a variety of household goods from soaps to cutting boards. This article supports the believe that there is no strong rationale for the use of triclosan in these products, and it will lead to the emergence of bacteria that are resistant to triclosan.

Insight to Improved Diagnosis and Treatment for Childhood Leukemia

Current intensive therapies for childhood ALL are expected to result in a survival rate of greater than 75%. Therefore, the present challenge in treating leukemia is to improve the ability to identify and treat those patients who fail current intensive therapies.

Study Shows Dioxin Exposure Related To Adverse Childhood Behavior And Learning Capabilities

Children exposed to dioxins in utero during critical periods of development appear to be the most sensitive and vulnerable to the toxic effects.

FDA Recommends First Pneumococcal Conjugate Vaccine

The FDA's Vaccines and Related Biological Products Advisory Committee recommended for licensure the first conjugate vaccine intended for the prevention of invasive pneumococcal disease in infants and young children.

Apple Juice Poisoning: The Panic That Wasn't

What's odd about the Odwalla story is the absence of hysteria. The Half Moon Bay company's apple juice has been linked to a multistate E.coli outbreak that's sickened dozens, sent small children to the hospital and may have killed a Colorado toddler. Where's the panic?

Antibody to E. Coli Bacterial Toxin

Protein Design Labs, Inc. (PDL) (Nasdaq: PDLI) announced today an agreement with Teijin Limited (Tokyo, Japan) pursuant to which PDL will humanize a mouse monoclonal antibody to a toxin produced by the E. coli 0157 bacteria that can cause serious illness or death from consumption of food contaminated by the bacteria.

Anna's Story

A mother recounts her child Anna's brush with the bacteria e. coli that caused Hemolytic Uremic Syndrome (HUS), "a disease that affects the kidneys and other organs. It poses a threat...as one of the leading causes of both acute and chronic kidney failure."

Response to: Apple Juice Poisoning: The Panic That Wasn't

A response to the San Jose Mercery News article on the lack of panic the Odwalla Apple Juice incident caused when its juice was responsible for sickness due to the presence of E. coli bacteria.

New Study Reveals Parental Blunders With Kids' Brushing Routine

national study just released by The American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry (AAPD) and Oral-B Laboratories reveals parents aren't following the experts' advice regarding their children's dental care, and are mostly unaware of the specific "ages and stages" in a child's oral care development.

New Poll Shows Few Understand Bed-Wetting

Five to seven million children wake up every morning in a wet bed. A new survey of 9,000 families found that despite the prevalence of the condition, only some parents understand that bed-wetting, medically known as primary nocturnal enuresis (PNE), may be a medical --not behavioral-- condition that can be treated.

Don't Stop Children's Allergy Shots

Allergists today warned parents of children with asthma not to stop their children's allergy shots -- called immunotherapy -- based on a recent study reported this week. Children who stop taking the shots could risk increased, and potentially serious, asthma attacks

MSPCC and MSPCA Warn Parents and Pet Owners of Winter Hazards

The Massachusetts Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Children (MSPCC) and the Massachusetts Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (MSPCA) are urging parents and pet owners to guard against serious safety hazards facing children and animals this winter. This article offers ten good suggestions to protect young children and pets.

NIMH Web Site on Anxiety Disorders

Information about the latest advances in diagnosis and treatment of anxiety disorders is now available on a Web site from the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH). The site will provide Internet users with immediate access to information about these serious, yet treatable illnesses that affect more than 23 million Americans each year.

Children Require Different Care For Allergies

Read about new guidelines for allergic rhinitis, that have been developed at a conference convened by the Office of Continuing Medical Education, UCLA School of Medicine. Children. Elderly, athletes and pregnant women have been identified as groups requiring different management and care. The guidelines, which provide physicians with recommended therapies, indicate that genetic and environmental factors may provoke or worsen the symptoms of allergic rhinitis.

Anesthesia Options for Pulsed Laser Treatment of Children

With any surgery, the proper selection of anesthesia is a key factor in successfully controlling pain and minimizing side effects, especially when dealing with children. Port-wine stain or nevus flammeus, is a congenital malformation of the skin reported in 3-5% of newborns, and is most commonly removed with pulsed laser treatment.

New Help Available for Children's Cold and Flu Season

Pharmacia & Upjohn Consumer Healthcare, the makers of Kaopectate, announced today the introduction of Kao Lectrolyte, an electrolyte replenisher formulated to appeal to children's taste buds.

FDA Action Shows Grave Dangers Of Lindane Lice Treatment

The National Pediculosis Association (NPA) supported the FDA's new recommended labeling changes for childhood lice treatments containing the pesticide lindane, a chemical identified as a hazardous substance by the Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry of the U.S. Department of Health and Health and Human Services. At the same time, the NA continues to warn parents and pediatricians of the "grave" implications of using any lindane-based products -- citing a growing body of evidence that the product can cause serious and sometimes fatal conditions.

Atypical Brain Activity Detected In People With Dyslexia

Brain imaging studies at the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) have revealed dramatic evidence of a deficit in the brain's visual system in people with dyslexia. "This research confirms that dyslexia is a discrete brain disorder, not, as some people have believed, a by-product of a poor education or upbringing." This article will be of interest to anyone who is concerned about dyslexia.

French Halt School Age Hepatitis B Immunization, Risk of Autoimmunity Cited

The Ministry of Health in France recently announced a decision to suspend routine hepatitis B immunization of children in French schools while continuing routine Hepatitis B immunization at birth. The reason for this decision was apparently the increased risk of autoimmune diseases that is associated with the vaccine when it is given starting at school age.

The Value of School Recess and Outdoor Play

This publication from the National Association for the Education of Young Children discusses the benefits of school recess. This publication also includes the positive effects that unstructured physical play has on a childs learning ability as well as the potential drawbacks of eliminating recess in elementary schools.

New Instrument Monitors Middle Ear Fluid

MDI Instruments, Inc. announced today that it has received FDA 510K clearance to market the EarCheck(TM) Middle Ear Monitor to consumers. The new instrument is the first in-home device that enables parents to monitor their children for middle ear fluid, frequently associated with otitis media (inflammation of the middle ear, with or without infection).

Is That Sore Throat Strep?

One out of four sore throats is caused by strep bacteria.

Saving Kids' Lives is Focus of Blood Donor Campaign

A nationwide effort to put a young face on the need for and importance of blood donation kicks off Thursday (Oct. 14) at SeaWorld Orlando. More than 40 youngsters who are alive today because of blood donations will launch the first national blood donor recruitment campaign that focuses on the blood needs of children.

Mosquitoes.com Provides On-Line Relief To Rescue Your Friends and Family This Summer

Bug Doctors officially proclaimed Mosquito Day at the OFF!(R) Biting Insect Center, a mosquito breeding and research facility, to officially kick off the biting insect season and launch mosquitoes.com, a new website devoted to providing insect bite prevention tips for all occasions.

Can Fluorosis Develop on Baby Teeth?

Dental fluorosis, or white or brown spots on enamel, can develop on primary (baby) teeth and may be indicative that a child will have the same cosmetic defect on its permanent (adult) teeth, according to an article in the March 1999 issue of the Journal of the American Dental Association (JADA). Researchers from the University of Iowa's College of Dentistry did a literature review of all the studies published on primary tooth fluorosis during the past 30 years.

A Lifetime of Healthier Skin Begins With Baby

Pediatric dermatology involves routine, preventive care, as well as the care of skin disease of infants, children and adolescents. New directions are developing in pediatric dermatology in order to establish practices that provide the "best care" to normal skin as well as diseased skin. New developments include the use of Aquaphor, a skin ointment, and treatment of diseased pediatric skin.

Nasal Spray Flu Vaccine Proves Effective in Children

A new type of influenza vaccine given in a nasal spray is very effective at preventing the flu in healthy young children, according to results from a large multicenter study supported by the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID) and the biopharmaceutical company Aviron.

Patch Holds Promise For Treating Hyperactive Children

Administration through a skin patch developed by Sano Corporation (Nasdaq: SANO) of a widely used anti-anxiety medication may provide a safe and effective treatment alternative for children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) -- the nation's most common pediatric mental disorder -- according to the results of a pilot study presented at a National Institute of Mental Health conference.

First Inhaled Corticosteroid for Asthmatic Children Four Years and Older Available for Use

Flovent(R) Rotadisk(R) (fluticasone propionate inhalation powder), the first and only inhaled corticosteroid medication indicated as a preventive therapy for asthma in children as young as four years of age, is now available by prescription in the U.S.

Chickenpox is Now the Leading Cause of Vaccine Preventable Deaths in Children in the United States

Varicella-related (chickenpox) deaths in children continue to occur in the United States, despite the availability of a vaccine and recommendations for its use in all susceptible children by the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices at the CDC, American Academy of Pediatrics and American Academy of Family Physicians.

Helping Children Cope with Disaster: Hints for Families During Recovery

Disasters often disrupt home life and daily routine for affected families. Children may become anxious, confused or frightened. Adults need to cope with the disaster in a way that will help children avoid developing a permanent sense of loss.

Blue Cross And Blue Shield System Announces Pediatric Cancer Network

The Blue Cross and Blue Shield Association (BCBSA) has announced the establishment of a state-of-the-art Pediatric Cancer Network, which is built on the scientifically established finding that children's survival rates can be significantly improved -- anywhere from 20 to 40 percent -- if their cancer care is coordinated by pediatric oncologists and delivered at comprehensive, multi-disciplinary cancer centers. This is a news article of interest to those concerned about pediatric cancers.

Odwalla Pledges to Lead Industry on Solving E. Coli O157:H7

Odwalla, Inc. (Nasdaq: ODWA) announced today, at a press briefing, that initial findings of the FDA field inspector's investigation of its Dinuba, Calif. production facility indicate no presence of E. coli O157:H7 in the plant. The FDA is continuing its investigation into the cause of the bacteria, but has now shifted its attention to sources other than the plant.

FDA Approves Children's Advil For Over-the-Counter Use

This press announcement states that Children's Advil(R) (pediatric ibuprofen) was approved for marketing as an over-the-counter medication by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA), giving parents a non-prescription option for treating their children's fever and pain.

Children's Motrin To Market Expanded OTC Pediatric Ibuprofen Line

This press announcement states that the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has cleared Children's Motrin(R) Drops and Junior Strength Motrin(R) Caplets for over-the-counter (OTC) marketing, making it the only OTC pediatric ibuprofen available in liquid suspension, drops and solid dosage formulations.


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