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K-12: Health and Medicine

The health of our children is a major issue for all parents. The following articles relate to specific pediatric problems, illnesses or diseases and provide everything from in depth information to recent news for children in the K-12 years. Other areas at KidSource OnLine to refer to are General Health and Diseases and Disorders.

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Child Health Guide - Put Prevention into Practice

This is an outstanding 30 page guide from the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services that has information on preventative care and on good health habits. Use it as a permanent record to help you keep track of your child's health and care through the years. This guide contains many great growth charts, immunization tables and other quick-reference information that can help your child get a healthy start on life.

Helping Your Overweight Child

In the United States at least one child in five is overweight and the number of overweight children continues to grow. This article will help parents understand what they can do to help their overweight child.

Emergency Physicians Want Americans to Know When to Seek Medical Care For Serious Cuts

The American College of Emergency Physicians (ACEP) is urging Americans to practice Fast Aid First, and learn the basics of emergency wound care.

Inhalants: A Parent's Guide to Preventing Inhalant Abuse

Every year, young people in this country die of inhalant abuse. Hundreds suffer severe consequences, including permanent brain damage, loss of muscle control, and destruction of the heart, blood, kidney, liver, and bone marrow. This guide will help you identify inhalant abuse and understand what you can do to prevent or stop this problem.

Growing Up Drug Free: A Parent's Guide To Prevention

Today the widespread use of alcohol and other drugs subjects our children, families, and communities to pressures unheard of 30 or 40 years ago. Frankly, many of us need help to deal with this frightening threat to our children's health and well-being. Recent surveys show that we are making progress in our national battle against some drugs, but more is needed. This excellent article is filled with ideas, steps and advice to help parents prevent drug use and is organized by grade level, starting at preschool and continuing on through 12th grade.

E. Coli Infections Detection and Prevention Information

E. Coli is one of many diarrheal illnesses a child can contract; yet, its severity warrants special attention. This 3-part article, as part of our special area on E. Coli infections, covers these important topics: * how to help prevent E. Coli infections in your children * what to do if you think your child has E. Coli * how parents can help prevent and halt E. Coli epidemics

Back to School With Food Allergies

Preparing children to start a new school year can be exciting. However, for parents of children with food allergies, that excitement is often replaced by anxiety. An estimated 7% -- or up to 2 million -- children have food allergies and are at risk for a life-threatening reaction called anaphylaxis. To assist parents, school staff and childcare providers in preventing and providing emergency treatment for anaphylaxis, the American Academy of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology (AAAAI) has released a position statement offering a series of tips and guidelines.

E.Coli Infections - What Parents Should Know and Do

With a recent E. Coli outbreak in the western U.S. sending many children to the hospital, and perhaps killing one toddler, we learned that many parents are not adequately informed about the dangers and issues around E. Coli infections. In this area you'll find personal stories, medical information, news articles and more to help you protect your children.

On the Teen Scene: Dodging the Rays

There is no such thing as a safe tan. Why does the body tan? Because the body is being injured by ultraviolet [UV] radiation that hits it. Regardless of your skin color, if you're going to be out in the sun, even for a short time, apply a sunscreen to all skin that will be exposed. Apply the sunscreen generously before going into the sun and reapply it often.

Health Tips Due to Early Influenza Season

With the influenza season upon us, it's important to know your child's main symptoms and know when you should call your local health care provider. This article also describes how to identify the flu and it lists steps that you can do to help someone who's stricken.

Insulin-Dependent Diabetes

This in depth article, from U.S. Department of Health And Human Services describes Insulin-dependent diabetes (IDDM), a chronic disease that usually begins in childhood.

Tips for Managing Asthma

The National Institute of Health (NIH) reports that asthma is the number one chronic condition causing children to be absent from school and the highest ranked cause of pediatric hospitalization in the United States. This article offers tips for managing asthma.

Hay Fever and Allergies

Hay fever is one of the most common allergies. Here are 11 very good suggestions to help prevent symptoms if your child has hay fever.

On the Teen Scene: Being a Sport with Exercise-Induced Asthma

You can have Exercise-Induced Asthma even if you don't have chronic asthma. 35 to 40 percent of people with seasonal allergies also have EIA, and his symptoms are always worse during the spring and fall when gym classes are held outdoors.

California Podiatric Medical Association: Saving Our Children's Soles

It's that time of the year again when buying shoes for back to school becomes a shopping nightmare for most parents. This becomes more of an issue when, according to the California Podiatric Medical Association, some 80 percent of children of all ages have trouble with their feet because of the shoes they wear. The key issue is proper fit.

Sizing Up Kids' Nutrition and Fitness

Sound nutrition and fitness habits developed during childhood have the potential to last a lifetime. To examine how today's youth measure up in terms of diet and activity, the International Food Information Council Foundation and the International Life Sciences Institute-North America recently convened a conference, drawing on experts in pediatrics, nutrition, exercise physiology and education.

Learning Partners -- Let's Be Healthy!

Good health comes from good habits and wise choices. To enjoy good health now and in the future, youngsters must learn how to exercise, control stress, be clean, and reduce the risk of disease. They must get into the habit of eating nutritious foods, having plenty of sleep, and understanding how physical and emotional health are related.

Parents Play Key Role in Minimizing Impact of Children's Allergies

Pediatric allergies are a chronic disease affecting more than 20 percent of school-age children and must be diagnosed early and treated properly. Parents must take a proactive role in identifying their child's allergy symptoms and in seeking proper treatment. By doing so, parents can ensure a child's physical symptoms are properly managed and quality of life is restored.

A Parent's Guide To Doctors, Disabilities, And The Family

How do families with a child who may have a disability and/or special health care need choose a doctor? This paper will explore questions like this and discuss some possible answers.

How to Help Your Child When a Fever Strikes

The change in seasons, from winter to spring, means different things for different people. For some, it is the beginning of baseball season, while for others it is a time to start planting their gardens. Unfortunately, it is also the time when many children become sick with a fever.

Free Back-To-School Vision Checks Offered Nationwide

If a student's vision doesn't meet the grade, his or her performance in school may not be a true indicator of academic capabilities. This article describes the value of eye exams and includes a good list of signs of possible eye trouble in children, provided by Prevent Blindness America.

Lyme Disease -The Facts, The Challenge

This brochure from the National Institute of Health presents information on the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of Lyme disease, a disease spread by the bite of the deer tick. Lyme disease is still mistaken for other ailments, and it continues to pose many other challenges: it can be difficult to diagnose because of the inadequacies of today's laboratory tests; it can be troublesome to treat in its later phases; and its prevention through the development of an effective vaccine is hampered by the elusive nature of the bacterium.

The Common Cold

Sneezing, scratchy throat, runny nose—everyone knows the first signs of a cold, probably the most common illness known. Although the common cold is usually mild, with symptoms lasting a week or less, it is a leading cause of doctor visits and of school and job absenteeism. This good article summarizes the causes, preventive steps and treatments of the common cold.

Protective Eyewear for Young Athletes

This is a joint statement by the American Academy of Pediatrics and the American Academy of Ophthalmology and it is important to read if your child is involved with sports or has had any eye problems. It outlines specific recommendations by sport that will be helpful when selecting general or protective eyewear.

Precautions Against Summer's Insects and Poisonous Plants

A toxicologist and itch expert at the Lanacane Itch Information Center provides good recommendations in this article that will help keep summer itches to a minimum.

Choosing A Doctor For Your Child

When anticipating birth or adoption, one of the most important, yet difficult decisions you will make is choosing a doctor for your child. This article from the Lucile Packard Children's Health Services may be helpful.

Heightened Threat of Ringworm;

Ringworm of the scalp, more commonly known as tinea capitis, is a contagious infectious disease. There is general agreement among health care professionals that its prevalence has been increasing steadily over the past few years, and that it now constitutes a significant public health problem in this country.

General Information about Visual Impairments

This article from the National Information Center for Children and Youth with Disabilities (NICHCY) describes the characteristics and educational implications of visual impairments, including partially sighted, low vision, legally blind, and totally blind impairments. A good list of additional resources is also included.

Juvenile Diabetes Foundation International Stresses Urgency OfDiabetes Warning Signs

Reports of the recent tragic death of a 10-year old New Jersey girl who died allegedly from an undiagnosed case of Type 1 (juvenile) diabetes last week prompts the Juvenile Diabetes Foundation International (JDFI) to alert parents to the warning signs of diabetes.

Check Your Child's Vision Every Two Years

With children heading back to school, the American Academy of Ophthalmology recommends that school age children have a complete medical eye exam by their fourth birthday, and routine eye exams approximately every two years thereafter. This article also includes a question and answer section about learning disabilities, addressing issues that parents raise about eye problems and learning disabilities.

Parents Test Their AQ (Allergy Quotient)

A survey released by the American Lung Association (ALA) reveals that 83 percent of parents in households with allergy sufferers claim to know the difference between symptoms of allergies and the common cold. Many parents, however, could not tell the difference between three out of five allergy symptoms, including fever, sneezing and duration.

Reading, Writing and Allergies Don't Mix

As the high-allergy, back-to-school season rapidly approaches, parents and educators should be aware of the serious impact seasonal allergies can have on a child's performance in school. According to statistics, as many as 42 percent of school-aged children may suffer from allergic rhinitis. Often allergy symptoms are mistaken by parents as those of a common head cold, since the symptoms are very similar: nasal congestion; sneezing; itchy, watery eyes.

FDA Approves Serevent Diskus for Use in Children With Asthma Ages Four and Up

Two out of three children with asthma under 12 years of age have difficulty controlling their symptoms. Asthma can cause children to awaken at night with nocturnal symptoms (e.g., coughing, shortness of breath, chest tightness) and it can cause exercise-induced bronchospasm during physical exertion or exercise. Both conditions may require frequent use of short- acting medicine to control asthma symptoms. Serevent Diskus, FDA approved, is now available with long-acting, inhaled bronchodilator that helps provide long-term, 12-hour control of asthma symptoms and is available in an easy-to-use, breath-activated, dry powder delivery device.

Considering Orthodontics? Here Are Some Things to Think About

This is brief overview article outlining key points and issues regarding orthordontics, including cost, finding an orthodontist and when to have your child's teeth examined. This article is appropriate if you are just beginning to consider orthodontics for your child.

AAO: Hand Eye Dominance

For years, students of baseball believed hand-eye dominance was an important factor in determining a baseball player's batting performance. In an effort to answer the question of dominance patterns, Drs. Laby, Kirschen, Rosenbaum, and Mellman of the Jules Eye Institute at UCLA studied 410 members of the Los Angeles Dodgers professional baseball team during the 1992-1995 baseball seasons.

Avoid the Time-Change Blues With Tips From Sleep Expert

"Ten more minutes!" It's a phrase parents often hear from children postponing the inevitable -- bedtime. Besides the routine challenge parents face in the bedtime struggle, the October 25 time change can make it harder for children to sleep well, and can affect their performance at school. Experts from the Texas Children's Hospital offer tips for parents to help their children adjust.

Glaxo Wellcome Inc. Receives Approval to Market Lamictal For A Difficult-To-Treat Childhood Epilepsy

Glaxo Wellcome Inc. has received approval from the United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA) to market Lamictal(R) (lamotrigine) Tablets for the add-on treatment of generalized seizures associated with Lennox-Gastaut syndrome (LGS). This syndrome is one of the most severe and difficult-to-control forms of epilepsy in children and adults. Lamictal has been available in the U.S. since 1994 as add-on therapy (prescribed in combination with other antiepileptic medications) for the treatment of partial seizures in adults with epilepsy and has been used by more than 1.38 million patients worldwide.

A Guide to Youth Smoking Prevention Policies and Programs

This Parent Guide from the ERIC Clearinghouse on Urban Education provides many policies, programs, and practices for schools, communities, and families to combat youth smoking. Specific points which are important to include in anti-smoking education campaigns are also provided.

Children Without Cavities: A Growing Trend

The Pennsylvania Dental Association (PDA) reports that a study in the Journal of the American Dental Association (JADA) indicates the number of school-aged children without cavities permanent teeth has doubled in the past two decades.

Parent's Back-to-School List Should Include Health Check-Up for Kids

Every parent's back-to-school list should include more than just pencils and paper. Parents also need to think about well-child exams, immunizations, exercise, and an emphasis on eating right.

Those With Asthma: Take Precautions During High Ozone Days

To many Americans, concern over depletion of the ozone layer may seem to conflict with the weatherman's warning about high ozone on humid days. This confusion arises because ozone can be good or bad, depending on where it is. Excess ozone at ground level can be extremely detrimental. This is of particular concern to the 15 million adults and children who have asthma.

Kids Getting Another Chance At Life, Youth Blood Donation Needs

Kids who have received life-saving blood transfusions are the focus of a new national blood donor recruitment effort debuting this fall.

Video Games and Children

Some research suggests that playing video games may affect some children's physical functioning. Serious adverse physical effects, however, are transient or limited to a small number of players. Research has also identified benefits associated with creative and prosocial uses of video games, as in physical rehabilitation and oncology. Proponents of video games suggest that they may be a friendly way of introducing children to computers, and may increase children's hand-eye coordination and attention to detail.

Ten Easy Tips to Fight the Cold War & Win

With nearly 45 million people across the country currently suffering from the common cold, flu or related respiratory symptoms, individuals need all of the ammunition they can get their hands on to fight the good fight. Here are 10 useful tips to help get you and your family thru this year's flu season.

Children Need to Practice Good Computer Ergonomics

More children are suffering from the effects of working at computer stations that are either designed for adults or poorly designed for children. Here are some good suggestions to help improve the ergonmoics of your child's computer workspace.

Substance Exposed Infants and Children

The problems associated with prenatal substance abuse are increasing and have serious implications for the future educational needs of the children and families affected. Services, programs, and strategies that have been developed in the field of special education will have a role to play in meeting their needs.

Urban School-Community Parent Programs To Prevent Drug Use

The role that youth drug use plays in school failure, violence, and anti-social and self-destructive behavior is well known. It is also known that parents strongly influence their children's decisions about drug use.This article briefly discusses some ways to involve families in their children's drug prevention education.

S.T.O.P. Announces Medical Conference on Hemolytic UremicSyndrome (HUS)

S.T.O.P. - Safe Tables Our Priority today announced that it is hosting a one day medical conference of specific interest to survivors of E. coli O157:H7, their parents and physicians. This release has conference details.

Long-Term Safety is Chief Concern for Treating Pediatric Eczema

An extensive new survey has found that parents of children with atopic dermatitis and treating physicians desire safer, more effective therapies that would be suitable for managing the chronic condition over the long term.

General Information about Traumatic Brain Injury

The National Information Center for Children and Youth with Disabilities details how TBI is the leading cause of death and disability in children and adolescents in the United States and affects more than 1 million children each year. This article provides general information, describes educational implications of TBI and provides a list of resources for further information.

Tips to Help Parents and Kids Cope with Allergy Season

The Asthma and Allergy Foundation of America ( AAFA) recommends that parents follow a few basic steps to help them and their children enjoy warm weather. This news item contains specific tips for parents to follow that may be able to significantly minimize the symptoms caused by seasonal allergies.

Ten Ways Fathers Can Contribute to their Children's Health

Dr. Joseph Garcia-Prats, neonatologist at Texas Children's Hospital and himself a father of ten sons, stresses that fathers need to realize there are more aspects to their children's well-being than medical health.

Flu Epidemic Hits 19 States

According to the CDC, the first flu outbreak has hit -- with 19 states reporting cases of influenza. Close to 50% of kids will get the flu or flu- like symptoms this winter.

Asthma Rates in Inner City Children Higher than Reported

According to a study presented today at the American Lung Association/American Thoracic Society 1997 International Conference, the prevalence and severity of asthma among inner-city school children may be much higher than currently believed. In addition, "Asthmatic children have a significantly greater number of missed school days," says study author, Salvatore Mangione, M.D.

A Little Effort Goes A Long Way to Keep Asthma Patients Healthy

Children treated for acute asthma attacks who went home to parents who smoke stayed healthier if care givers made regular follow up calls to check on measures to reduce the children's exposure to environmental tobacco smoke (ETS), according to a study by the Pulmonary Division at Children's Hospital and Medical Center in Seattle, Wash.

Childhood Obesity

Between 5-25 percent of children and teenagers in the United States are obese (Dietz, 1983). As with adults, the prevalence of obesity in the young varies by ethnic group. This article talks about the definition, problems, prevention, and treatment of obese children.

Seven Major Issues of 1997 Facing Girls in the United States

Violence, economic opportunity and changing family dynamics are three of the seven issues facing girls between the ages of five and seventeen in this country, according to the Girl Scouts of the U.S.A.

Mosquitoes.com Provides On-Line Relief To Rescue Your Friends and Family This Summer

Bug Doctors officially proclaimed Mosquito Day at the OFF!(R) Biting Insect Center, a mosquito breeding and research facility, to officially kick off the biting insect season and launch mosquitoes.com, a new website devoted to providing insect bite prevention tips for all occasions.

Scientists Identify Gene Abnormality Present in Childhood Leukemia

Scientists have determined that the Ikaros gene plays a role in the development of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL)

Saving Kids' Lives is Focus of Blood Donor Campaign

A nationwide effort to put a young face on the need for and importance of blood donation kicks off Thursday (Oct. 14) at SeaWorld Orlando. More than 40 youngsters who are alive today because of blood donations will launch the first national blood donor recruitment campaign that focuses on the blood needs of children.

Insight to Improved Diagnosis and Treatment for Childhood Leukemia

Current intensive therapies for childhood ALL are expected to result in a survival rate of greater than 75%. Therefore, the present challenge in treating leukemia is to improve the ability to identify and treat those patients who fail current intensive therapies.

New Insight for Antibacterial Drug Development - Triclosan Resistant Enzyme Found

Triclosan is the antibacterial agent included in a variety of household goods from soaps to cutting boards. This article supports the believe that there is no strong rationale for the use of triclosan in these products, and it will lead to the emergence of bacteria that are resistant to triclosan.

Is That Sore Throat Strep?

One out of four sore throats is caused by strep bacteria.

FDA Action Shows Grave Dangers Of Lindane Lice Treatment

The National Pediculosis Association (NPA) supported the FDA's new recommended labeling changes for childhood lice treatments containing the pesticide lindane, a chemical identified as a hazardous substance by the Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry of the U.S. Department of Health and Health and Human Services. At the same time, the NA continues to warn parents and pediatricians of the "grave" implications of using any lindane-based products -- citing a growing body of evidence that the product can cause serious and sometimes fatal conditions.

Children's Imaginations Help To Eliminate Migraine Headaches

Cyberphysiologic techniques -- self-hypnosis, relaxation exercises, and other methods of self-regulation -- can help children control the frequency and pain of migraine headache episodes. This is according to researchers at Rainbow Babies and Childrens Hospital of University Hospitals of Cleveland, and Tufts University School of Medicine in Boston.

Antibody to E. Coli Bacterial Toxin

Protein Design Labs, Inc. (PDL) (Nasdaq: PDLI) announced today an agreement with Teijin Limited (Tokyo, Japan) pursuant to which PDL will humanize a mouse monoclonal antibody to a toxin produced by the E. coli 0157 bacteria that can cause serious illness or death from consumption of food contaminated by the bacteria.

Anna's Story

A mother recounts her child Anna's brush with the bacteria e. coli that caused Hemolytic Uremic Syndrome (HUS), "a disease that affects the kidneys and other organs. It poses a threat...as one of the leading causes of both acute and chronic kidney failure."

Atypical Brain Activity Detected In People With Dyslexia

Brain imaging studies at the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) have revealed dramatic evidence of a deficit in the brain's visual system in people with dyslexia. "This research confirms that dyslexia is a discrete brain disorder, not, as some people have believed, a by-product of a poor education or upbringing." This article will be of interest to anyone who is concerned about dyslexia.

School Spirit Can Boost Kids' Health

The American Physical Therapy Association (APTA) is urging children of all ages to show their school spirit by joining a team sport -- not only for its exercise benefits, but to develop healthy habits that will continue throughout their lives.

NIMH Web Site on Anxiety Disorders

Information about the latest advances in diagnosis and treatment of anxiety disorders is now available on a Web site from the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH). The site will provide Internet users with immediate access to information about these serious, yet treatable illnesses that affect more than 23 million Americans each year.

5th-Graders Mistakenly View Cigarette Smoking as Normal Adult Habit

By the time they are preteens, children tend to view smoking cigarettes as a normal adult habit even though most adults do not smoke, a study by researchers at the University of South Florida College of Public Health found.

Anesthesia Options for Pulsed Laser Treatment of Children

With any surgery, the proper selection of anesthesia is a key factor in successfully controlling pain and minimizing side effects, especially when dealing with children. Port-wine stain or nevus flammeus, is a congenital malformation of the skin reported in 3-5% of newborns, and is most commonly removed with pulsed laser treatment.

Apple Juice Poisoning: The Panic That Wasn't

What's odd about the Odwalla story is the absence of hysteria. The Half Moon Bay company's apple juice has been linked to a multistate E.coli outbreak that's sickened dozens, sent small children to the hospital and may have killed a Colorado toddler. Where's the panic?

Sedating Antihistamines Can Create Problems in School

As if the sneezing, itchy noses, and watery eyes associated with seasonal allergies aren't enough to distract children in the classroom, Texas physicians warn parents that popular over- the-counter (OTC) allergy medications compound the problem and interfere with children's learning and performance in school.

First Inhaled Corticosteroid for Asthmatic Children Four Years and Older Available for Use

Flovent(R) Rotadisk(R) (fluticasone propionate inhalation powder), the first and only inhaled corticosteroid medication indicated as a preventive therapy for asthma in children as young as four years of age, is now available by prescription in the U.S.

Helping Children Cope with Disaster: Hints for Families During Recovery

Disasters often disrupt home life and daily routine for affected families. Children may become anxious, confused or frightened. Adults need to cope with the disaster in a way that will help children avoid developing a permanent sense of loss.

Growing Kids: A Weighty Issue

Just as studies indicate obesity is steadily increasing among American adults, recent research shows that pre-teens and adolescents are putting on the pounds, too. According to the third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES), obesity among six- to-17-year olds more than doubled between 1988 and 1991.

Nasal Spray Flu Vaccine Proves Effective in Children

A new type of influenza vaccine given in a nasal spray is very effective at preventing the flu in healthy young children, according to results from a large multicenter study supported by the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID) and the biopharmaceutical company Aviron.

New Poll Shows Few Understand Bed-Wetting

Five to seven million children wake up every morning in a wet bed. A new survey of 9,000 families found that despite the prevalence of the condition, only some parents understand that bed-wetting, medically known as primary nocturnal enuresis (PNE), may be a medical --not behavioral-- condition that can be treated.

Response to: Apple Juice Poisoning: The Panic That Wasn't

A response to the San Jose Mercery News article on the lack of panic the Odwalla Apple Juice incident caused when its juice was responsible for sickness due to the presence of E. coli bacteria.

Patch Holds Promise For Treating Hyperactive Children

Administration through a skin patch developed by Sano Corporation (Nasdaq: SANO) of a widely used anti-anxiety medication may provide a safe and effective treatment alternative for children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) -- the nation's most common pediatric mental disorder -- according to the results of a pilot study presented at a National Institute of Mental Health conference.

Blue Cross And Blue Shield System Announces Pediatric Cancer Network

The Blue Cross and Blue Shield Association (BCBSA) has announced the establishment of a state-of-the-art Pediatric Cancer Network, which is built on the scientifically established finding that children's survival rates can be significantly improved -- anywhere from 20 to 40 percent -- if their cancer care is coordinated by pediatric oncologists and delivered at comprehensive, multi-disciplinary cancer centers. This is a news article of interest to those concerned about pediatric cancers.

Odwalla Pledges to Lead Industry on Solving E. Coli O157:H7

Odwalla, Inc. (Nasdaq: ODWA) announced today, at a press briefing, that initial findings of the FDA field inspector's investigation of its Dinuba, Calif. production facility indicate no presence of E. coli O157:H7 in the plant. The FDA is continuing its investigation into the cause of the bacteria, but has now shifted its attention to sources other than the plant.

Pediatricians Hail and Defend FDA Tobacco Rule

In this news story, the American Academy of Pediatrics enthusiastically supports the final U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) plan to reduce youth tobacco use.


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