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Health: Diseases, Disorders, Illnesses and Medical Problems



Learning more about the medical problems that inflict our children is important to every parent. The following articles relate to specific pediatric problems, illnesses or diseases and provide everything from in-depth information to recent news. Other areas at KidSource OnLine to refer to are General Health and Physical Disabilities.

Our rating system for these Diseases and Illnesses articles is:

Baby Bottle Tooth Decay and Oral Health in the Child Care Setting

Although the responsibility for a child's oral health rests with the parents, child care providers play an important role in maintaining the oral health of children in child care settings. Although tooth decay is not as common as it used to be, it is still one of the most common diseases in children. Here are some guidelines about preventing oral health problems.


Baby Bottle Tooth Decay and Oral Health in the Child Care Setting

Although the responsibility for a child's oral health rests with the parents, child care providers play an important role in maintaining the oral health of children in child care settings. Although tooth decay is not as common as it used to be, it is still one of the most common diseases in children. Here are some guidelines about preventing oral health problems.


Back to School With Food Allergies

Preparing children to start a new school year can be exciting. However, for parents of children with food allergies, that excitement is often replaced by anxiety. An estimated 7% -- or up to 2 million -- children have food allergies and are at risk for a life-threatening reaction called anaphylaxis. To assist parents, school staff and childcare providers in preventing and providing emergency treatment for anaphylaxis, the American Academy of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology (AAAAI) has released a position statement offering a series of tips and guidelines.


Helping Your Overweight Child

In the United States at least one child in five is overweight and the number of overweight children continues to grow. This article will help parents understand what they can do to help their overweight child.


Middle Ear Fluid in Young Children

This article is about middle ear fluid in children ages 1 through 3 who have no other health problems. After reading this booklet you should know more about: * Causes of middle ear fluid. * Tests for middle ear fluid and hearing. * Treatments for middle ear fluid and hearing loss caused by middle ear fluid. * How to work with your child's health care provider to find the best treatment for your child's middle ear fluid. Another name for middle ear fluid is otitis media with effusion. Some people also call it "glue ear." Otitis media means middle ear inflammation, and effusion means fluid.


Pertussis in the Child Care Setting

Pertussis (whooping cough) is a very contagious and dangerous infection of the respiratory tract caused by the bacterium Bordetella pertussis. Whooping cough gets its name from the whooping sound the child makes when trying to draw breath after a coughing spell.


Pinkeye (Conjunctivitis) in the Child Care Setting

Pinkeye, also called conjunctivitis, can be caused by bacterial or viral infections or by allergic reactions to dust, pollen, and other materials. Here's what you need to do to prevent pinkeye from spreading in a child care setting.


E. Coli Infections Detection and Prevention Information

E. Coli is one of many diarrheal illnesses a child can contract; yet, its severity warrants special attention. This 3-part article, as part of our special area on E. Coli infections, covers these important topics: * how to help prevent E. Coli infections in your children * what to do if you think your child has E. Coli * how parents can help prevent and halt E. Coli epidemics


E.Coli Infections - What Parents Should Know and Do

With a recent E. Coli outbreak in the western U.S. sending many children to the hospital, and perhaps killing one toddler, we learned that many parents are not adequately informed about the dangers and issues around E. Coli infections. In this area you'll find personal stories, medical information, news articles and more to help you protect your children.


Cold Sores in the Child Care Setting

This article will help parents and caregivers understand what cold sores are and what to do about preventing them from being spread in a child care (or school) environment.


Common Cold in the Child Care Setting

This article will help parents and caregivers understand more about the common cold and what to do about preventing them from being spread in a child care (or school) environment.


Diarrheal Diseases in the Child Care Setting

Diarrhea can be caused by a variety of different germs, including bacteria, viruses, and parasites. However, children can sometimes have diarrhea without having an infection, such as when diarrhea is caused by food allergies or as a result of taking medicines such as antibiotics. This article is a good overview of this problem and how its spread can be controlled in a child-care environment.


Hay Fever and Allergies

Hay fever is one of the most common allergies. Here are 11 very good suggestions to help prevent symptoms if your child has hay fever.


Health Tips Due to Early Influenza Season

With the influenza season upon us, it's important to know your child's main symptoms and know when you should call your local health care provider. This article also describes how to identify the flu and it lists steps that you can do to help someone who's stricken.


How to Help Your Child When a Fever Strikes

The change in seasons, from winter to spring, means different things for different people. For some, it is the beginning of baseball season, while for others it is a time to start planting their gardens. Unfortunately, it is also the time when many children become sick with a fever.


Lyme Disease -The Facts, The Challenge

This brochure from the National Institute of Health presents information on the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of Lyme disease, a disease spread by the bite of the deer tick. Lyme disease is still mistaken for other ailments, and it continues to pose many other challenges: it can be difficult to diagnose because of the inadequacies of today's laboratory tests; it can be troublesome to treat in its later phases; and its prevention through the development of an effective vaccine is hampered by the elusive nature of the bacterium.


On the Teen Scene: Acne Agony

No one knows for sure exactly what causes acne vulgaris, the technical name for the zit attack. But researchers do know that it usually starts in adolescence and that heredity plays a big role. If you have acne, you have lots of company--about 85 percent of the U.S. population between ages 12 and 25 develops some form of the skin condition. Most teens who get acne have the milder form.


On the Teen Scene: When Mono Takes You Out of the Action

Missed parties. Postponed exams. Sitting out a season of team sports. And loneliness. These are a few of the ways that scourge of high school and college students known as "mono" can affect your life. The disease whose medical name is infectious mononucleosis is most common in people 10 to 35 years old.


Parents Play Key Role in Minimizing Impact of Children's Allergies

Pediatric allergies are a chronic disease affecting more than 20 percent of school-age children and must be diagnosed early and treated properly. Parents must take a proactive role in identifying their child's allergy symptoms and in seeking proper treatment. By doing so, parents can ensure a child's physical symptoms are properly managed and quality of life is restored.


Preventing Dehydration in Children

Oral rehydration therapy (ORT) was developed in the 1950s for developing countries, where diarrhea is common. Here in the United States, an estimated 500 American children die annually from diarrhea, and the illness is not seen as a major threat. As a result, doctors often do not recommend ORT for their young patients.


Questions and Answers about Otitis Media, Hearing and Language Development

American Speech-Language Hearing Association describes how Otitis Media (an inflammation in the middle ear) affects hearing and how it can cause language and speech problems.


Ringworm in the Child Care Setting

Ringworm is a fungus infection of the scalp or skin. Symptoms include a rash that is often itchy and flaky. Ringworm on the scalp may leave a flaky patch of baldness. This article outlines what should be done if this illness is present in a child care facility.


Roseola in the Child Care Setting

Roseola is caused by a virus called human herpes virus 6 (HHV-6) and, possibly, human herpes virus. It is most common in children 6 months to 24 months of age. This article provides both parents and child care providers with a basic overview of this illness.


Tetanus - In The Child Care Setting

Tetanus, also called lockjaw, is very rare in the United States due to the very high immunization rates of persons living here. Tetanus is difficult to treat, but is completely preventable through vaccination.


The Common Cold

Sneezing, scratchy throat, runny nose—everyone knows the first signs of a cold, probably the most common illness known. Although the common cold is usually mild, with symptoms lasting a week or less, it is a leading cause of doctor visits and of school and job absenteeism. This good article summarizes the causes, preventive steps and treatments of the common cold.


What You Need To Know About Periodontal (Gum) Diseases

This is a good overview article from the National Institute of Health that describes the definition, diagnosis and treatments for a variety of gum diseases. The general information in this article applies to children of all ages, but it also specifically outlines problems, including juvenile periodontitis, that affects teenagers.


What You Should Know About Chicken Pox

Chickenpox is a very contagious disease caused by the varicella zoster virus. Most children in the United States experience chickenpox before they are school-aged. A vaccine against chickenpox is now available. Although chickenpox is not a serious disease for most children, those whose immune systems are impaired (e.g., newborns and persons who are on chemotherapy for cancer, have AIDS, or take steroids like cortisone or prednisone) may experience severe disease, or even death.


The Fright of the Iguana: Pet Reptiles Pose Risk of Salmonella Infection for Their Owners

Iguanas and other reptiles are very popular pets, but these reptiles carry salmonella bacteria, which can infect owners that don't practice scrupulous hygiene. Many parents do not know that owning an iguana puts their children at risk for salmonella infection.


NFID Experts Urge Wide Use of New Childhood Vaccine Schedule

The U.S. Public Health Service joined with pediatricians to praise the new 1997 childhood immunization schedule for giving pediatricians and parents more choices when selecting vaccines, without compromising safety and efficacy. Details of the new schedule -- and reasons for the changes -- were discussed at a press conference sponsored by the National Foundation for Infectious Diseases (NFID).


Asthma in the Child Care Setting

Asthma is a chronic breathing disorder and is the most common chronic health problem among children. Children with asthma have attacks of coughing, wheezing, and shortness of breath, which may be very serious. This article provides both parents and child care providers with a basic overview of this illness and it provides basic preventative guidelines.


Commonly Asked Questions About SIDS: A Doctor's Response

In this thorough article from the SIDS Foundation of Washington, a pediatric pathologist answers the common and painful questions that parents have when their child dies of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS), or when parents of a newborn baby are fearful of SIDS.


Eating Disorders

This brochure, from the National Institute of Mental Health, provides valuable information for individuals suffering from eating disorders, as well as for family members and friends trying to help someone cope with this disorder. It describes the symptoms of eating disorders, possible causes, treatment options, and how to take the first steps toward recovery. The vast majority--more than 90 percent--of those afflicted with eating disorders are adolescent and young adult women.


Eating Disorders Warning Signs

This article from the National Eating Disorders Organization, outlines the warning signs for both anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa. For anorexia nervosa, the age of onset varies, though symptoms usually appear in early-to-middle adolescence. For bulimia nervosa, the symptoms usually appear during late adolescence. This article provides a list of physical problems associated with eating disorders and contains information on how to help a person who exhibits these disorders.


Escherichia (E.) coli In The Child Care Setting

Escherichia (E.) coli bacteria are found in the digestive tracts of most humans and many animals. Usually, these infections are harmless and may even be beneficial. Not all E. coli are alike and, in a few cases, illness may result from infection with particular strains. One strain, E. coli O157:H7, causes one of the most serious digestive tract infections in the United States.


Insulin-Dependent Diabetes

This in depth article, from U.S. Department of Health And Human Services describes Insulin-dependent diabetes (IDDM), a chronic disease that usually begins in childhood.


On the Teen Scene: Being a Sport with Exercise-Induced Asthma

You can have Exercise-Induced Asthma even if you don't have chronic asthma. 35 to 40 percent of people with seasonal allergies also have EIA, and his symptoms are always worse during the spring and fall when gym classes are held outdoors.


On the Teen Scene: Endometriosis: Painful, but Treatable

Menstrual pain can have other causes, although these are rare among teenagers. One of them, endometriosis, is a mysterious, often painful, and disabling condition in which fragments of the lining of the uterus (womb) become embedded, or implanted, elsewhere in the body.


The Hazards of Raw Apple Juice/Cider

Raw apple beverages have been identified as a repeated source of bacterial contamination that has killed and maimed children in over five states. Children, seniors, the immune impaired and pregnant women are advised to drink only pasteurized apple juice/cider.


Tips for Managing Asthma

The National Institute of Health (NIH) reports that asthma is the number one chronic condition causing children to be absent from school and the highest ranked cause of pediatric hospitalization in the United States. This article offers tips for managing asthma.


Campylobacter Infections in the Child Care Setting

Campylobacter infections are caused by a group of bacteria which are found in many different birds and mammals. While we once thought that this group only caused infections in other animals, we now know that the campylobacteria are responsible for a number of diseases, including diarrheal illness, in humans.


Chickenpox Complications May Be Serious

Chickenpox, often thought of as an annoying, but relatively benign childhood illness, too often may lead to hospitalization or even death, researchers reported today at the 31st National Immunization Conference sponsored by the Centers for Disease Control National Immunization Program.


Cryptosporidiosis

Cryptosporidiosis is an infectious diarrheal disease caused by the Cryptosporidium parasite. Cryptosporidiosis is a common cause of diarrhea in children, especially those in child care settings.


Earache (Otitis Media) in the Child Care Setting

An earache or ear infection (otitis media) is usually a complication of an upper respiratory infection, such as a cold. This article is a good introduction to this common childhood malady and it describes various ways that one can prevent the spread of upper respiratory infections that can cause ear infections.


FDA Approves Serevent Diskus for Use in Children With Asthma Ages Four and Up

Two out of three children with asthma under 12 years of age have difficulty controlling their symptoms. Asthma can cause children to awaken at night with nocturnal symptoms (e.g., coughing, shortness of breath, chest tightness) and it can cause exercise-induced bronchospasm during physical exertion or exercise. Both conditions may require frequent use of short- acting medicine to control asthma symptoms. Serevent Diskus, FDA approved, is now available with long-acting, inhaled bronchodilator that helps provide long-term, 12-hour control of asthma symptoms and is available in an easy-to-use, breath-activated, dry powder delivery device.


Hand-Foot-and-Mouth Disease (Coxsackie A) in the Child CareSetting

Hand-foot-and-mouth disease can be spread when the virus present in the blisters is passed to another person. This article explains how to identify this disease and how to control it from spreading in a child-care environment.


Heightened Threat of Ringworm;

Ringworm of the scalp, more commonly known as tinea capitis, is a contagious infectious disease. There is general agreement among health care professionals that its prevalence has been increasing steadily over the past few years, and that it now constitutes a significant public health problem in this country.


Illnesses and Child Care

Illness, young children, and child care are facts of life. Young children get sick more frequently than adults because their immune systems can not fight disease as well. Considering the large number of children in child care, both parents and child care providers must learn to recognize whether children should attend child care, or stay at home.


Nearly One-Third of Streptococcus Pneumoniae Are Resistant to Newer Antibiotics

In this study, in which researchers gathered samples from doctors' offices, about one-third of all strains of S. pneumoniae were resistant to the newer, broad-spectrum antibiotics azithromycin, clarithromycin, cefprozil and cefuroxime. Amoxicillin/clavulanate, an antibiotic used for more than 14 years, proved to be the most active antibiotic against S. pneumoniae.


New Study Confirms Superiority of Augmentin to Zithromax in Treating Middle Ear Infections

Augmentin(R) (amoxicillin/clavulanate), an oral antibiotic, is more effective than Zithromax(R) (azithromycin) in eradicating the most common bacteria that cause middle ear infections (acute otitis media, or AOM) in children, according to a new study published in the February issue of the Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal. The study also shows that Augmentin is more effective in reducing or curing the symptoms associated with AOM.


New Study Confirms Vaccine Reduces Childhood Ear Infections

A vaccine licensed by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration for the prevention of invasive pneumococcal disease in children has for the first time been confirmed effective in preventing certain childhood ear infections as well, according to a study published in the New England Journal of Medicine.


Parents Test Their AQ (Allergy Quotient)

A survey released by the American Lung Association (ALA) reveals that 83 percent of parents in households with allergy sufferers claim to know the difference between symptoms of allergies and the common cold. Many parents, however, could not tell the difference between three out of five allergy symptoms, including fever, sneezing and duration.


Proper Treatment of Atopic Dermatitis May Bring Relief

Atopic dermatitis, one of the most common skin disorders of children, is uncomfortable for those who suffer from the disease, and can be stressful for their parents/caregivers. But, say dermatologists, with proper treatment and precautions, this form of eczema can be controlled.


Reading, Writing and Allergies Don't Mix

As the high-allergy, back-to-school season rapidly approaches, parents and educators should be aware of the serious impact seasonal allergies can have on a child's performance in school. According to statistics, as many as 42 percent of school-aged children may suffer from allergic rhinitis. Often allergy symptoms are mistaken by parents as those of a common head cold, since the symptoms are very similar: nasal congestion; sneezing; itchy, watery eyes.


Rotavirus Diarrhea

Rotavirus is one type of virus that causes diarrhea, especially in young children. It is a common cause of infection is a common cause of diarrhea in the child care setting


Ten Easy Tips to Fight the Cold War & Win

With nearly 45 million people across the country currently suffering from the common cold, flu or related respiratory symptoms, individuals need all of the ammunition they can get their hands on to fight the good fight. Here are 10 useful tips to help get you and your family thru this year's flu season.


Tips to Help Parents and Kids Cope with Allergy Season

The Asthma and Allergy Foundation of America ( AAFA) recommends that parents follow a few basic steps to help them and their children enjoy warm weather. This news item contains specific tips for parents to follow that may be able to significantly minimize the symptoms caused by seasonal allergies.


Vitamin C Found to Lower Levels of Lead in Blood

Scientists at the University of California at San Francisco have found that Vitamin C helps reduce dangerous blood levels of lead, a condition that can harm neurological development in children.


Newborn Babies May Face Fewer Needles

A study involving nearly 2,500 newborn babies has confirmed that bilirubin infant jaundice can be detected and tracked effectively utilizing a skin color measurement of infants by a non-invasive bilirubinometer.


Vaccine Protection: Adolescents Falling Through the Cracks

The National Foundation for Infectious Diseases describes continuing threats to the health of our nation's teens from immunizable infectious diseases. They called for all 11 to 12-year-old adolescents to be adequately immunized, noting that the back-to-school period is an ideal time to assess vaccination status.


15 Million American Kids and Adults Are Itchy

Imagine being plagued with inflamed patches on your skin that are uncontrollably itchy. It is estimated that nearly six percent of all Americans are troubled by the red patches and tremendous itchiness of the chronic skin disorder atopic dermatitis, more commonly known as eczema. Sadly, 10 to 20 percent of all infants are sufferers, with a majority of cases diagnosed as early as twelve months of age. The good news is that nearly 40 percent of child sufferers outgrow eczema. The others live with it throughout their lives.


Adolescents and AIDS

Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) is a condition that prevents the body's immune system from effectively fighting disease. Although less than 1 percent of persons known to have AIDS are teenagers, this segment of the population presents characteristics that increase the risk of becoming HIV infected.


General Information about Traumatic Brain Injury

The National Information Center for Children and Youth with Disabilities details how TBI is the leading cause of death and disability in children and adolescents in the United States and affects more than 1 million children each year. This article provides general information, describes educational implications of TBI and provides a list of resources for further information.


Glaxo Wellcome Inc. Receives Approval to Market Lamictal For A Difficult-To-Treat Childhood Epilepsy

Glaxo Wellcome Inc. has received approval from the United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA) to market Lamictal(R) (lamotrigine) Tablets for the add-on treatment of generalized seizures associated with Lennox-Gastaut syndrome (LGS). This syndrome is one of the most severe and difficult-to-control forms of epilepsy in children and adults. Lamictal has been available in the U.S. since 1994 as add-on therapy (prescribed in combination with other antiepileptic medications) for the treatment of partial seizures in adults with epilepsy and has been used by more than 1.38 million patients worldwide.


Juvenile Diabetes Foundation International Stresses Urgency OfDiabetes Warning Signs

Reports of the recent tragic death of a 10-year old New Jersey girl who died allegedly from an undiagnosed case of Type 1 (juvenile) diabetes last week prompts the Juvenile Diabetes Foundation International (JDFI) to alert parents to the warning signs of diabetes.


Kids Getting Another Chance At Life, Youth Blood Donation Needs

Kids who have received life-saving blood transfusions are the focus of a new national blood donor recruitment effort debuting this fall.


Long-Term Safety is Chief Concern for Treating Pediatric Eczema

An extensive new survey has found that parents of children with atopic dermatitis and treating physicians desire safer, more effective therapies that would be suitable for managing the chronic condition over the long term.


Obsessive - Compulsive Disorder

In this article from the National Institute of Mental Health,the mental illness called obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) is described. Here, a person becomes trapped in a pattern of repetitive thoughts and behaviors that are senseless and distressing but extremely difficult to overcome. Typically, the symptoms begin during the teenage years or young adulthood.


S.T.O.P. Announces Medical Conference on Hemolytic UremicSyndrome (HUS)

S.T.O.P. - Safe Tables Our Priority today announced that it is hosting a one day medical conference of specific interest to survivors of E. coli O157:H7, their parents and physicians. This release has conference details.


Those With Asthma: Take Precautions During High Ozone Days

To many Americans, concern over depletion of the ozone layer may seem to conflict with the weatherman's warning about high ozone on humid days. This confusion arises because ozone can be good or bad, depending on where it is. Excess ozone at ground level can be extremely detrimental. This is of particular concern to the 15 million adults and children who have asthma.


Children Require Different Care For Allergies

Read about new guidelines for allergic rhinitis, that have been developed at a conference convened by the Office of Continuing Medical Education, UCLA School of Medicine. Children. Elderly, athletes and pregnant women have been identified as groups requiring different management and care. The guidelines, which provide physicians with recommended therapies, indicate that genetic and environmental factors may provoke or worsen the symptoms of allergic rhinitis.


FDA Action Shows Grave Dangers Of Lindane Lice Treatment

The National Pediculosis Association (NPA) supported the FDA's new recommended labeling changes for childhood lice treatments containing the pesticide lindane, a chemical identified as a hazardous substance by the Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry of the U.S. Department of Health and Health and Human Services. At the same time, the NA continues to warn parents and pediatricians of the "grave" implications of using any lindane-based products -- citing a growing body of evidence that the product can cause serious and sometimes fatal conditions.


FDA Recommends First Pneumococcal Conjugate Vaccine

The FDA's Vaccines and Related Biological Products Advisory Committee recommended for licensure the first conjugate vaccine intended for the prevention of invasive pneumococcal disease in infants and young children.


Is That Sore Throat Strep?

One out of four sore throats is caused by strep bacteria.


Chickenpox is Now the Leading Cause of Vaccine Preventable Deaths in Children in the United States

Varicella-related (chickenpox) deaths in children continue to occur in the United States, despite the availability of a vaccine and recommendations for its use in all susceptible children by the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices at the CDC, American Academy of Pediatrics and American Academy of Family Physicians.


New Instrument Monitors Middle Ear Fluid

MDI Instruments, Inc. announced today that it has received FDA 510K clearance to market the EarCheck(TM) Middle Ear Monitor to consumers. The new instrument is the first in-home device that enables parents to monitor their children for middle ear fluid, frequently associated with otitis media (inflammation of the middle ear, with or without infection).


Adolescents With Eating Disorders are Increasing Risk of Osteoporosis

As the incidence of eating disorders continues to rise in adolescents, particularly females, a dangerous side effect has come to light -- osteoporosis. The Massachusetts Department of Public Health (MDPH) aims to increase awareness among adolescents prone to osteoporosis as a result of eating disorders.


Anesthesia Options for Pulsed Laser Treatment of Children

With any surgery, the proper selection of anesthesia is a key factor in successfully controlling pain and minimizing side effects, especially when dealing with children. Port-wine stain or nevus flammeus, is a congenital malformation of the skin reported in 3-5% of newborns, and is most commonly removed with pulsed laser treatment.


Anna's Story

A mother recounts her child Anna's brush with the bacteria e. coli that caused Hemolytic Uremic Syndrome (HUS), "a disease that affects the kidneys and other organs. It poses a threat...as one of the leading causes of both acute and chronic kidney failure."


Antibody to E. Coli Bacterial Toxin

Protein Design Labs, Inc. (PDL) (Nasdaq: PDLI) announced today an agreement with Teijin Limited (Tokyo, Japan) pursuant to which PDL will humanize a mouse monoclonal antibody to a toxin produced by the E. coli 0157 bacteria that can cause serious illness or death from consumption of food contaminated by the bacteria.


Apple Juice Poisoning: The Panic That Wasn't

What's odd about the Odwalla story is the absence of hysteria. The Half Moon Bay company's apple juice has been linked to a multistate E.coli outbreak that's sickened dozens, sent small children to the hospital and may have killed a Colorado toddler. Where's the panic?


Carrier Testing Now Available for Leading Genetic Childhood Killer

This article reveals that a recent medical breakthrough will enable medical professionals to determine for the first time whether a person is a carrier of the often-fatal genetic disorder, Spinal Muscular Atrophy, or SMA. SMA is the leading genetic killer of children under the age of two years.


Children's Imaginations Help To Eliminate Migraine Headaches

Cyberphysiologic techniques -- self-hypnosis, relaxation exercises, and other methods of self-regulation -- can help children control the frequency and pain of migraine headache episodes. This is according to researchers at Rainbow Babies and Childrens Hospital of University Hospitals of Cleveland, and Tufts University School of Medicine in Boston.


CPSC, Gerber, BPHC, BET Launch Campaign to Lower African-American SIDS

The U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC) and Gerber Products Co. today released a new national survey showing that African-Americans are more likely to place their babies to sleep in ways that increase the risk of Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS).


First Inhaled Corticosteroid for Asthmatic Children Four Years and Older Available for Use

Flovent(R) Rotadisk(R) (fluticasone propionate inhalation powder), the first and only inhaled corticosteroid medication indicated as a preventive therapy for asthma in children as young as four years of age, is now available by prescription in the U.S.


French Halt School Age Hepatitis B Immunization, Risk of Autoimmunity Cited

The Ministry of Health in France recently announced a decision to suspend routine hepatitis B immunization of children in French schools while continuing routine Hepatitis B immunization at birth. The reason for this decision was apparently the increased risk of autoimmune diseases that is associated with the vaccine when it is given starting at school age.


Insight to Improved Diagnosis and Treatment for Childhood Leukemia

Current intensive therapies for childhood ALL are expected to result in a survival rate of greater than 75%. Therefore, the present challenge in treating leukemia is to improve the ability to identify and treat those patients who fail current intensive therapies.


NIMH Web Site on Anxiety Disorders

Information about the latest advances in diagnosis and treatment of anxiety disorders is now available on a Web site from the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH). The site will provide Internet users with immediate access to information about these serious, yet treatable illnesses that affect more than 23 million Americans each year.


Response to: Apple Juice Poisoning: The Panic That Wasn't

A response to the San Jose Mercery News article on the lack of panic the Odwalla Apple Juice incident caused when its juice was responsible for sickness due to the presence of E. coli bacteria.


Scientists Identify Gene Abnormality Present in Childhood Leukemia

Scientists have determined that the Ikaros gene plays a role in the development of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL)


Children's Motrin To Market Expanded OTC Pediatric Ibuprofen Line

This press announcement states that the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has cleared Children's Motrin(R) Drops and Junior Strength Motrin(R) Caplets for over-the-counter (OTC) marketing, making it the only OTC pediatric ibuprofen available in liquid suspension, drops and solid dosage formulations.


Blue Cross And Blue Shield System Announces Pediatric Cancer Network

The Blue Cross and Blue Shield Association (BCBSA) has announced the establishment of a state-of-the-art Pediatric Cancer Network, which is built on the scientifically established finding that children's survival rates can be significantly improved -- anywhere from 20 to 40 percent -- if their cancer care is coordinated by pediatric oncologists and delivered at comprehensive, multi-disciplinary cancer centers. This is a news article of interest to those concerned about pediatric cancers.


Decline In Perinatal HIV Transmission

Studies presented by researchers from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) at the XI International AIDS Conference reinforces earlier findings that perinatal HIV transmission can be reduced by treating mother and child with zidovudine (ZDV).


Odwalla Pledges to Lead Industry on Solving E. Coli O157:H7

Odwalla, Inc. (Nasdaq: ODWA) announced today, at a press briefing, that initial findings of the FDA field inspector's investigation of its Dinuba, Calif. production facility indicate no presence of E. coli O157:H7 in the plant. The FDA is continuing its investigation into the cause of the bacteria, but has now shifted its attention to sources other than the plant.


Small Loss Of Peripheral Vision In Premature Infants Treated With Cryotherapy

This news article describes how in a companion study to the National Eye Institute's clinical investigation of cryotherapy to prevent blindness in children with severe retinopathy of prematurity (ROP), ophthalmologists at the Children's Hospital of Philadelphia have determined that children with severe ROP who received the surgical intervention had an approximate 10 percent loss of peripheral or side vision in their treated eye.

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