Education - Early Learning
A critical learning period for all children is the time from birth until they enter kindergarten. The articles below provide many activities, suggestions and background information for you to help your child learn during these formative years and to help them develop a life long love of learning.Our rating system for these Preventive Care and Nutrition articles is:
- - Best, in depth and most helpful overall
- - Very Good, but more specific in focus
- - Good reference material
The activities in this booklet are designed to promote the learning and development of the "whole child" In other words, they don't just focus on developing mathematics in young children. Instead, these are sets of activities that provide young children with experiences that will help to get them ready for kindergarten. These activities build language skills, increase thinking and problem-solving abilities, develop social skills, promote large and small muscle development, and increase general knowledge.
With this book we hope you as parents will get ideas that will use your children's play to help them learn more geography--the study of the Earth and its human, animal, and plant population. Most of the suggestions in this book are geared to children from 2 to 5 years of age. Parents of children with disabilities can use the activities in this book, although some may have to be adapted.
A great article with many activities for children from birth through age 5. The activities are practical, low-cost (or no-cost) and are a great source for inspiration for what to do "on a rainy day". The article also includes supporting information about what it takes to be ready for school, both academically and socially. A must read for every parent.
Another very good article with many activities for children from infancy through age 10 with many of these activities designed for parents and children to do together. You can show that learning is fun and important and can encourage a love of reading in your child.
How Can I Improve My Child's Reading Parents are more concerned about their child's progress in reading than in any other subject taught in school, and rightfully so. In order for students to achieve in math, science, English, history, geography, and other subjects, reading skills must be developed to the point that most of them are automatic. This very good article will give parents suggestions and techniques to encourage reading by their children, beginning during the child's preschool years.
An excerpt from I Want It My Way! by Sue Dinwiddie, a book containing problem-solving techniques with children two to eight. It teachs problem-solving skills from a skilled facilitator with young children. This book contains effective strategies to deal successfully with about children's quarrels, group problems, adult-child problems, and conflicts of developmentally young children. It also has over 15 real-life episodes from child care professionals to help you hone your skills.
Educational activities for children ages 3 to 10 for developing important mathematical and thinking skills. Over 150 activities, divided into 3 age groups.
Children learn to love the sound of language before they ever notice the existence of printed words on a page. As parents and caregivers, you can help lay down the foundation for a love of reading and nurture children's development. Here are some things you can do to raise a lifelong reader.
Read Write Now! Activities for Reading and Writing Fun has been developed by national reading experts for you to use with children, ages birth to Grade 6. The booklet has three sections, one for activities for infants and preschoolers, the second for children through Grade Two, and the third for older children.
This booklet has been specially prepared to provide ideas for families, teachers, librarians, and other learning partners to use with all children -- including those with disabilities -- to help them read well and independently by the end of the third grade. The booklet also includes activities to help improve children's reading and writing skills through sixth grade.
A calendar for seven weeks of learning activities based on the President's "Call to Action".
With young gifted children, their uneven development may confuse and concern parents and educators and may mask the extent of their giftedness. This digest helps parents and educators recognize and understand the early development of gifted children and helps the adults chose a program or school that is best for their child.
A new activity for you to do with your child each day during the summer - they're fun, educational and can be done with children of all ages!
Geography is the study of Planet Earth. Help your child learn Geography with this Learning Partners article where it has suggestions and activities you can do with your child to learn more about Geography.
If we search our memories when asked to think of a person who made a difference in our lives, the individual we remember will, most likely, be a teacher. Teachers frequently are remembered as caring and empathetic, as enthusiastic,positive individuals with a love for learning; as experts in their subject area; and as believers in the worth of all students and their ability to succeed. There are other qualities, traits, skills and knowledge that a teacher must possess. This article will help parents evaluate the qualifications of their child's teacher.
If your child is between the ages of 3 and 6 and attends a child care center, preschool, or kindergarten program, the National Association for the Education of Young Children (NAEYC) suggests you look for these 10 signs to make sure your child is in a good classroom.
This is a four-part article providing general activities for toddlers to gradeschool children. The activities are fun, practical and will be enjoyed by you and your child. Another great source for ideas for what to do on a rainy day!
Unit blocks may not be as sophisticated as some toys we find in stores or on TV commercials, but they are ideal for learning because they involve the child as a whole -- the way she moves her muscles, the way she discovers how different objects feel in her hands, the way she thinks about spaces and shapes, and the way she develops thoughts and interests of her own.
An Early Childhood Growth Chart for families and caregivers which gives age-appropriate activities to promote language development for young children.
When educators fully understand how exploration, representation, and communication feed one other, they can best help children achieve their creative potential. This digest considers both teacher-initiated and child-initiated strategies for enhancing young children's self-expression and creativity. Examples of how a classroom may be modified to best support children's emerging creativity are given.
Some parents assume that learning to read starts with memorizing the alphabet and sounding out words, but actually the fundamentals of reading begin much earlier. Adults lay the foundation for reading every day, when they point out objects and describe what they are doing while dressing an infant, grocery shopping with a toddler, or cooking with a preschooler.
When looking for a preschool program, you will first need to consider your particular needs and preferences. Next, not only should the program conform to state regulations and satisfy standards of health and safety, you should consider the characteristics of your child, of the program, of the preschool staff, and of the program's physical environment. This article will guide you through each of these considerations.
This article talks about the identifying preschools and how even though most preschool programs must conform to state regulations and satisfy minimum standards of health and safety, it is a good idea to ask the staff whether the program is up to date with its state license and is accredited by the National Association for the Education of Young Children.
Is my child ready for kindergarten? What are the readiness factors for kindergarten? Should I send my child with a late summer or fall birthday to kindergarten, or should I wait another year? These are some of the questions puzzling parents as they look ahead to elementary school.
Adults should recognize that games such as sorting and putting objects in sequence are actually early experiments in math, even if they don't look much like geometry! Here are some everyday opportunities for children to begin thinking about numbers.
Parents and teachers may look at young children's learning from different perspectives, but they share a common goal: making sure that children receive the best possible education. Mutual respect and communication between programs and families takes advantage of both perspectives to provide children with the kind of care and education that will help them thrive.
This Digest discusses the concept of the awareness that spoken language is made up of discrete sounds, why this concept is so important to early childhood educators, its relation to the debate on the best type of reading instruction, and finally, teaching methods that may help children in developing such an awareness.
Ready*Set*Read, An America Reads Challenge is a booklet that is filled with activities and ideas that you can use to help your young children learn about language. Most of the activities in READY*SET*READ are simple to do with materials found in your home or at the library. The activities can be added to your life at home as you and your children play, work, and grow together.
Each of us possesses seven "intelligences," or ways to be smart. Some of us are more adept at using our hands; others are good at making rhymes, or singing songs. Each type of intelligence gives us something to offer to the world. What makes us unique is the way each intelligence expresses itself in our lives.
One key component of emotional intelligence is creativity. What is creativity and how do parents foster it in their children? In this article you'll find activities that you can do with your children to foster a creative spirit. You'll also find some thought provoking questions that your children will enjoy puzzling over.
The fate of mathematically talented students will be determined largely by the ability of their parents and educators to discover and nurture the special ability of the students. This digest shows that by discovering the mathematical talent of these students early and by using that knowledge to provide appropriate academic nurture, we have the greatest chance to help these individuals reach their gifted potential.
Helping your children acquire skills for understanding the world will enhance their success in science. Being excited about your children's science interests and schoolwork can promote further growth and quests for knowledge. This article is full of ideas, activities and additional references to encourage an interest in science, or an awareness of the physical world, in your child. While most of the ideas are for young children (4 and up), some apply even to newborn infants.
Despite revolutionary advances in the field of educational computing, technology remains simply a tool. How teachers implement computer use in their schools is critical. Only when computers are integrated into the curriculum as a vital element for instruction and are applied to real problems for a real purpose, will children gain the most valuable computer skill--the ability to use computers as natural tools for learning.
Most American children attend kindergarten, and many participate in all-day kindergarten programs. While recent reform efforts have focused on extending the kindergarten day, research suggests that how kindergartners spend their time may be more critical than the amount of time children spend in class. In other words, longer kindergarten days in unsuitable activities yield no educational advantages over the traditional half-day kindergarten program. This article provides a good overview of the key elements for a kindergarten program.
Parents are a child's first and most influential teachers! Free and inexpensive resources are available to help you fulfill the important responsibility of raising a literate child. This article gives a quick digest of ideas and resources to get you started.
Kindergarten is a time for children to expand their love of learning, their general knowledge, their ability to get along with others, and their interest in reaching out to the world. While kindergarten marks an important transition from preschool to the primary grades, it is important that children still get to be childrenAt this stage, children are already eager to learn and possess an innate curiosity. Teachers with a strong background in early childhood education and child development can best provide for children what they need to grow physically, emotionally, and intellectually. Here are 10 signs of a good kindergarten classroom.
Parents often wonder if the development of their preschooler is going well. This article focuses on the question of individual growth - is the preschooler's development going so well that he or she can be described as thriving? As parents look at their own children's behavior and achievements in the categories given, they can determine if any aspect of their child's development needs special encouragement, support, or intervention.
Creative learning is a natural, healthy human process that occurs when people become curious and excited. Children prefer to learn in creative ways rather than just memorizing information provided by a teacher or parents and they can learn better and sometimes faster. This digest covers creative behavior in children and outlines what parents and teachers can do to foster creativity, for all types of students, not just gifted ones.
For more than a decade, early childhood educators have been discussing issues of curriculum and teaching methods in terms of their developmental appropriateness. Clarifying the main purpose for which young children are assessed can help determine what kinds of assessments would be most appropriate and awareness of the potential errors of each evaluation or assessment strategy can help minimize errors in interpretation.
This Digest first defines the concept of development for young children and then outlines some ways to approach both the "what" and "when" questions in terms of what we are learning from research about the effects of various curriculum approaches.
Major changes in the level of interest and evaluation methods employed in preschool assessment have occurred in the past decade. The current trend is toward an ecological, child-centered approach which includes trans- or multi-disciplinary evaluations. Such approaches evaluate the "total child" rather than a specific area.
This publication from the National Association for the Education of Young Children discusses the importance and the benefits of developing a child's involvement in art. Some 'useful tips to inspire the Picasso in your child' are included.
Holiday celebrations can be wonderful opportunities for children to learn about the traditions and values that are cherished parts of people's lives. But many early childhood professionals wonder what holidays to celebrate in the program or classroom and how to respect the cultures represented by all children. Many parents, too, wonder why programs celebrate specific holidays or why they discourage any celebration at all.
The article describes how children who have trouble reading often have underlying speech and language problems. Being able to predict which children will have trouble reading would allow speech-language pathologists and others to begin to work with them before they fail.
The fall is a great time for children to explore the outdoors, learn about seasonal transitions and develop a variety of cognitive skills. Nature-related experiences can foster a child's emerging sense of wonder, and the earliest years of life are the best time to begin providing direct, on-going interactions with the natural world.
Now, new brain research shows that there are specific things parents can do that will have a permanent and positive effect on a child's ability to learn.
Some parents assume that learning to read starts with memorizing the alphabet and sounding out words, but actually the fundamentals of reading begin much earlier. Adults lay the foundation for reading every day. The most important thing is that teaching children about reading becomes an activity that brings children closer to the caring adults in their lives. Here are some tips for families who want to help their children make connections between meaning and words.
The Internet is a vast community of people and resources. By integrating Internet use into early childhood teacher education programs, early childhood teacher educators enhance the educational experiences of their students and prepare them to be active participants in the global ECE community.
The growing ethnic and cultural diversity of children in programs and schools throughout the United States provides teachers and child care professionals the opportunity to rethink how to introduce culturally and developmentally appropriate holiday activities to young children. If used sparingly, holiday activities can contribute to anti-bias curriculum because they are fun to do and participating in celebrations and rituals enhances children's feelings of being part of a close-knit group.
A fun article from the Hooked on Phonics Program with examples of teaching techniques for pre- and early-readers.
Children live in homes that support literacy development to differing degrees. Because of this variation in the home environment, many children need high-quality preschool and school environments and excellent primary instruction to be sure of reading success.
Transfer and motivation play important roles in learning. Transfer, the application of prior knowledge to new learning situations, is often seen as a learning goal, and thus the extent to which transfer occurs is a measure of learning success. Motivation, defined as the impetus to create and sustain intentions and goal-seeking acts, is important because it determines the extent of the learner's active involvement and attitude toward learning.
Children are natural musicians, and exposure to music during the early years enhances the learning process by promoting language development, creativity, coordination, and social interaction. Caregivers can play an important role in incorporating music and movement into a child's life.
A research team exploring the link between music and intelligence reports that music training -- specifically piano instruction -- is far superior to computer instruction in dramatically enhancing children's abstract reasoning skills necessary for learning math and science.
Children cannot learn to read without an understanding of phonics. All children must know their ABCs and the sounds that letters make in order to communicate verbally. The question in early childhood programs is not whether to teach "phonics" or "whole language learning" but how to teach phonics in context - rather than in isolation - so that children make connections between letters, sounds, and meaning.
When children work on puzzles, they are actually 'putting the pieces together' in more ways than one. Puzzles help children build the skills they need to read, write, solve problems, and coordinate their thoughts and actions- all of which they will use in school and beyond.
This article covers the key issues involved in becoming ready for kindergarten, including social, behavioral, language and sensory-motor expectations.
Just when you've settled into the routine of the school year, it's time to think ahead to next year. With many preschools and kindergartens now taking applications for next fall, parents may find themselves asking: Will my child be ready? Will he measure up?
It is not unusual to see a young child today slip a CD into a stereo system, set a digital alarm clock, or even program a VCR. Children quickly learn to use technology that is part of their daily lives, often with greater ease than their parents or other adults. But does their ability to do these complex tasks really enhance children's development? Does using technology really teach children new skills? What should parents know about the role of technology in children's learning?
The portfolio is a record of the child's process of learning: what the child has learned and how she has gone about learning; how she thinks, questions, analyzes, synthesizes, produces, creates; and how she interacts - intellectually, emotionally and socially - with others. Wide use of portfolios can stimulate a shift in classroom practices and education policies toward schooling that more fully meets the range of children's developmental needs.
When should environmental education begin - in the third grade? first grade? kindergarten? The answer is -- even earlier. Environmental education based on life experiences should begin during the very earliest years of life. Such experiences play a critical role in shaping lifelong attitudes, values, and patterns of behavior toward natural environments.
Adoption in the United States is on the rise--national estimates indicate that 1 million children live with adoptive parents (Stolley, 1993). As the number of adopted children in classrooms continues to rise each year, early childhood programs must begin to educate teachers about adoption issues. Adoption awareness will help teachers support young children who are trying to understand, and adjust to, their adoptive status.
Parents need to be actively involved in their child's education. However, it is not always easy for parents to become involved given the many demands upon them. This article outlines how teachers can plan parent participation strategies for their own classrooms to take into account the complexity of today's family life. The guidelines here will also help parents become more involved and will help parents know what to expect when working with their child's teacher.
As technology becomes more accessible to early childhood programs and computer software becomes more user-friendly, early childhood educators have a responsibility to examine its impact on children and prepare themselves to use it for all children's benefit. Here are some tips for professionals in evaluating computer programs, which can be used -- like any other learning tool -- in developmentally appropriate or inappropriate ways.
Many public school districts are making changes to ensure that curricula are responsive to children's developmental needs and programs are responsive to the more comprehensive needs of children and their families. Each district needs to consider certain issues in its efforts to provide high-quality early childhood education. A discussion of these issues follows.
If you are considering teaching your child a second language at a young age, then this is a good reference article for you to read. In addition, it covers questions you may have regarding speech-language problems and bilingualism.
Recent studies in emergent literacy--the early stages of learning to write and read--have shown that young children compose before they know much about the conventions of writing and reading or have the skill to control the formation of letters. As young children gradually realize the usefulness of writing--even unconventional writing--they are encouraged to develop related literacy skills.
The study of weather actually integrates science, math, and reading/writing. When parents or caregivers take the time to explore weather with children, they can help them work on many skills at once. There's something to learn for children of all ages, and adults, too!
This digest addresses public schooling for four-year-olds and preschoolers, structural and demographic trends, research results, age and child and family characteristics, subgroups that might be served, types of programs, and location of programs.
The programs examined in the longitudinal studies reported in this digest served young children living in poverty who were at special risk of school failure. Children entered the programs at some time before age five and remained in them for at least one school year. The studies examined a variety of high-quality early childhood programs that included either classes for children or home visits to parents and children or both. Some of the studies lasted only a few years, while others followed program participants into adulthood.
Children's understanding of emotional expressions and situations has been found to relate to how well peers like or dislike them. Not only does this article explain these issues, but provides parents and teachers with coping strategies to help preschool children interact and communicate more successfully with his or her peers.
When it comes to play materials, children don't mind getting messy or wet. That's why water play is both enjoyable and educational and perfect for hot days that call for cooling off. Indoor water play can go on all year long, and like outdoor play, helps children develop eye-hand coordination and math and science concepts. It may also enhance social skills and encourage cooperation. There is no right or wrong way to play with this familiar, inexpensive "toy" that comes not from a package, but from our very own environment.
The end of the school year is a time for celebration by young children, their families, teachers, and caregivers. Yet while some families and programs see 'graduation' as an important symbol to recognize their child. Others worry that too much pomp and circumstance can lead to frustration. The important thing is to acknowledge the validity of both perspectives. Administrators, teachers, and parents can then work together. Here are some ways to consider celebrating.
Through toys, children learn about their world, themselves, and others. Choosing toys that appeal to your children and foster their learning will help you make their early years count. Here are some tips to help you choose toys wisely for your child.
All the books focus on various aspects of the human body and human body by-products, and they are written for preschool children. Some hope that openly talking about and acknowledging these by-products may make them less of a source of embarrassment or giggles once kids enter school. Parents report using <i>Everyone Poops</i> when they are helping their child make the transition from diapers to using the toilet.