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Disabilities: Physical Disabilities and General Information on All Disabilities



In this section, you'll find our best articles on specific physical disabilities and on disabilities overall. If you do not find what you're looking for in this section, refer to: ADD and ADHD or Learning Disabilities

Our rating system for these Disability articles is:

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A Guide to Children's Literature and Disability

This bibliography, produced by the National Information Center for Children and Youth with Disabilities (NICHCY) is intended to help parents and professionals identify books that are written about or include characters who have a disability. The list is grouped according the following disabilities: attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), blindness, cerebral palsy, deafness, learning disabilities, serious or life-threatening conditions, physical disabilities, and other disabilities.


Learning and Other Disabilities - A KidSource Calendar

This calendar is filled with resources and information for parents of children with learning and other disabilities. You'll find tips, articles, websites, books and more that will help you with the special challenges.


National Resources - Disabilities (Source: NICHCY)

This is a comprehensive list of national and regional organizations and websites regarding a wide variety of disabilities from NICHCY (National Information Center for Children and Youth with Disabilities Clearinghouse). Contact information is provided for each organization.


NICHCY: Assessing Children For The Presence Of A Disability

This News Digest focuses upon the assessment process -- the ways and primary skill areas in which school systems collect information in order to determine if a child is eligible for special education and related services and to make informed decisions about that child's educational placement and instruction.


Questions Often Asked About Special Education Services

This in depth article from the National Information Center for Children and Youth with Disabilities (NICHCY) provides a wealth of information about the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA),and the Individualized Education Program (IEP), which is a written statement of the educational program designed to meet a child's special needs.


A Guide to Accessing Programs for Infants, Toddlers, and Preschoolers with Disabilities

The National Information Center for Children and Youth with Disabilities (NICHCY) has written this Parent's Guide to help families learn how to get help for their young children with special needs (ages birth through 5 years).


A Parent's Guide To Doctors, Disabilities, And The Family

How do families with a child who may have a disability and/or special health care need choose a doctor? This paper will explore questions like this and discuss some possible answers.


A Parent's Guide To Special Education And Related Services: Communicating Through Letterwriting

This Parent's Guide presents a general overview of how a child becomes eligible for special education and related services, parents' rights and responsibilities, and a school's rights and responsibilities. Because the focus of this issue is on communicating through letter writing, we have identified points in the process when writing a letter is necessary or useful.


Autism Not Linked to Immunization: Debunking the Myth

In response to a U.S. House Government Reform Committee hearing on autism, PKIDs voices its support for more resources for autism research and stresses that there is no scientific evidence linking autism to immunization.


Early Identification of Speech-Language Delays and Disorders

Early identification includes the evaluation and treatment provided to families and their children under 3 years old who have, or are at risk for having, a disability, or delay in speech, language or hearing. This article from the American-Speech-Language Hearing Association provides specific information about early identification and outlines specific questions parents should ask about this process.


Having a Daughter With a Disability: Is it Different For Girls?

This article from the National Information Center for Children and Youth with Disabilities (NICHCY) focuses on some of the realities parents must face in helping their daughters with disabilities to become more self-reliant and, ultimately, independent.


Language and the Adolescent

Less commonly known is the importance of identifying and remediating language disorders in the adolescent. Such disorders may lead to feelings of failure, low self-esteem, poor academic and social success, and a high drop out rate. This article from the American-Speech-Language Hearing Association helps parents understand and identify language disorders in adolsecents.


NICHCY: Individualized Education Programs

This document is a verbatim reprinting of (a) the federal regulations concerning Individualized Education Programs (IEPs), as contained in the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act, and (b) Appendix C to Part 300: Notice of Interpretation, issued by the Department of Education, Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services, to provide additional clarification of the Federal regulations.


NICHCY: Parenting A Child With Special Needs

This News Digest has been developed expressly to respond to the information needs of parents -- those who have just learned their child has special needs and those who have lived with this reality for some time but who have reached a transition point where they need new information or renewed support. This issue provides a starting point for families in their search for information and resources.


NICHCY: Services For School-Aged Children W/ Disabilities

This issue of NEWS DIGEST focuses upon the provision of related services to school-aged children with disabilities. As defined by federal law, related services are intended to address the individual needs of students with disabilities, in order that they may benefit from their educational program. Occupational and physical therapy, school health services, and special transportation assistance are just some examples of related services that can help eligible students with disabilities participate more fully and successfully in the learning process.


Parents and the School-to-Work Transition of Special Needs Youth

The school-to-work transition of the nation's youth has been a major focus of vocational education efforts for the past decade. Educators help students identify their interests and abilities, engage in career education and career development activities, and develop individual education plans.


Questions and Answers about Articulation Problems

Written by the American-Speech-Language Hearing Association, this is a thorough set of questions and answers about articulation problems. These problems may result from physical handicaps, such as cerebral palsy, cleft palate or hearing loss, or may be related to other problems in the mouth, such as dental problems. However, most articulation problems occur in the absence of any obvious physical disability. The cause of these so-called functional articulation problems may be faulty learning of speech sounds.


Questions and Answers about Child Language

This is a good overview of general topics about language development and potential language problems, and it has been provided by the American-Speech-Language Hearing Association.


Rights and Responsibilities of Parents of Children With Disabilities

Parents of children with disabilities have a vital role to play in the education of their children. As your child progresses through educational systems, knowing and following through on your rights and responsibilities ensures that you are a contributing partner with professionals who will influence your child's future. This brochure provides you with an introduction to your rights and responsibilities in the special education process.


Rights and Responsibilities of Parents of Children with Disabilities

Public Law 105-17, the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) Amendments of 1997, clearly strengthens the rights of children with disabilities and their parents. It builds on the achievements gained under Public Law 94-142, the Education for the Handicapped Act, and Public Law 101-476, the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA). A fundamental provision of these special education laws is the right of parents to participate in the educational decision-making process.


Top 10 Things to Consider When Buying Toys for Children With Disabilities

The National Lekotek Center offers tips on how to shop for holiday gifts for children with disabilities.


Welcoming Babies with Down Syndrome

If you are welcoming a new baby with Down Syndrome into your family, you probably have many questions and concerns, as do your extended family, friends, and neighbors. The author has written this information keeping in mind her own diverse experiences when her children were born with DS.


Who's Teaching Our Children with Disabilities?

This joint publication of NICHCY and NCPSE is intended to open a window into the world of the special educator and answer the questions: who are special educators, why have they chosen this profession, what kind of training do they have, what do they do each day, what do they enjoy about their jobs, and why do some of them leave special education? Also discussed in this publication are the people who support special educators, namely paraeducators, often known as "teacher's aides." The role of parents is addressed as well, and suggestions are provided for supporting the valuable work that special educators do on behalf of our children with special needs.


Coping with Stress in the Special Education Classroom

Despite the current trend toward school-based decision making, many schools remain bureaucratic organizations where teachers have little control over major decisions in their environments and frequently work in isolation. Further, with increasing demands to be accountable, teachers' work is becoming more intense, leaving many teachers feeling emotionally exhausted. Thus, in school bureaucracies, teachers may become stressed by role overload and lack of autonomy. Teachers can more effectively deal with stress by using specific strategies discussed in this article.


An Overview of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act Amendments

This article outlines the key information of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act Amendments. Topics include outcomes and standards, evaluations and curriculum, procedural safeguards, discipline, early intervention and preschool services and teacher training and preparation.


Behavioral Disorders: Focus on Change

This article focuses on students who are referred to as having "conduct disorders" and "emotional disabilities," "behavioral disorders," and "serious emotional disturbances," because these students demonstrate behavior that is noticeably different and unacceptable from that expected in school or the community. Topics include "how to identify the new behaviors", "providing opportunities to practice new behaviors" and how to "teach students to take responsibility for their own learning".


Being at Ease with Handicapped Children

It is sad that attitudes cannot also be legislated, but fears and anxieties toward those who are different cannot be decreed illegal. It is hoped that the present generation, growing up in situations where people with handicaps are a natural part of school and community life, will put to rest forever the notion that people with handicaps are "different."


Conducting A Literature Review

The National Information Center for Children and Youth with Disabilities (NICHCY) outlines how to access major databases and resources for education, gifted and exceptional student information.


Educating Exceptional Children

They are the more than 4.5 million children and youth in this country who have physical, mental, or behavioral handicaps. Ranging in age from birth to 21, these children and youth with exceptionalities require the assistance of special educators in order to benefit from education. This digest provides a good overview of key issues, trends and programs for exceptional children.


Effective Practices for Preparing Young Children with Disabilities for School

More recently, researchers have begun asking the question: For whom and under what conditions is early childhood intervention most effective? This more sophisticated question focuses on the effects of various interventions for specific groups of children relative to the type of program they received. Data from research studies indicate that young children with disabilities and those who evidence biological and environmental risk factors make significant gains on both qualitative and quantitative measures of development when provided appropriate services. The involvement of their parents in reinforcing critical skills in natural contexts is an important factor associated with the magnitude of the child's progress.


General Information about Cerebral Palsy

General Information about Cerebral Palsy This article from the National Information Center for Children and Youth with Disabilities (NICHCY) describes the characteristics and educational and employment implications of cerebral palsy.


General Information about Down Syndrome

This article from the National Information Center for Children and Youth with Disabilities (NICHCY) describes the characteristics and educational and employment implications of Down syndrome. It includes a list of additional resources.


General Information about Epilepsy

This article from the National Information Center for Children and Youth with Disabilities (NICHCY) describes the characteristics and educational implications of epilepsy.


General Information about Severe and/or Multiple Disabilities

This article from the National Information Center for Children and Youth with Disabilities (NICHCY) provides information about severe disabilities, including profound mental retardation.


General Information about Traumatic Brain Injury

The National Information Center for Children and Youth with Disabilities details how TBI is the leading cause of death and disability in children and adolescents in the United States and affects more than 1 million children each year. This article provides general information, describes educational implications of TBI and provides a list of resources for further information.


General Information about Visual Impairments

This article from the National Information Center for Children and Youth with Disabilities (NICHCY) describes the characteristics and educational implications of visual impairments, including partially sighted, low vision, legally blind, and totally blind impairments. A good list of additional resources is also included.


New Web Site to Help Children With Disabilities

A new Web site www.childrenwithdisabilities.ncjrs.org will offer information and resources to disabled children, their families and service providers. The site, part of a joint effort by several federal agencies to promote a national agenda for children and foster positive youth development, will provide information on learning disabilities, debilitating conditions and physical disabilities.


NICHCY: A Parent's Guide: Accessing Parent Groups

This Parent's Guide will help you identify the parent groups that exist nationally and in your state and community. It will also help you decide which group or groups would be useful to you in meeting your family's needs and concerns. If no such group exists in your community, this Guide provides many suggestions on how to start your own group.


NICHCY: Children W/ Disabilities: Understanding Sibling Issues

For many families, raising a child with a disability or chronic illness poses many challenges. Some of these challenges focus on the relationship between the siblings in the family which influences the social, psychological, and emotional development of each child. The relationship between brothers and sisters in families that have a child with a disability or chronic illness is examined in this issue of NEWS DIGEST.


NICHCY: Estate Planning

This issue of NEWS DIGEST focuses on one very important and often complicated issue that parents confront when they have a son or daughter with any type of disability: How to plan their estate to best provide for their child's future security.


NICHCY: General Information about Deafness And Hearing Loss

This article from National Information Center for Children and Youth with Disabilities (NICHCY) gives general information about about deafness and hearing loss including definition, incidence, characteristics, educational implications, and a list of resources and organizations.


NICHCY: National Toll-Free Numbers

This article is a selected list of toll-free numbers for national organizations concerned with disability and children's issues. Inclusion on this list does not imply endorsement by NICHCY or the Office of Special Education Programs. There are also many national disability organizations providing services and information which do not have toll-free numbers.


NICHCY: Questions And Answers About The IDEA

This document looks specifically at the mandates and requirements of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA), the federal law that supports special education and related services programming for children and youth with disabilities.


Outdoor Education for Behavior Disordered Students

Outdoor education offers special benefits to behavior disordered students. Positive behavioral changes among behavior disordered students have been reported. A review of possible programs/activities and possible benefits is a step in the direction of offering new opportunities to these students.


Overview of ADA, IDEA, and Section 504

This article gives a general overview of Americans With Disabilities Act of 1990 (ADA), Individuals With Disabilities Education Act (IDEA), and Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973. It also contains a list of information lines and resources availale to the public.


Preschool Services for Children with Handicaps

If you have questions about services for preschool children with handicaps, start here. This article includes information on what must be in the Individual Family Service Plan (IFSP), what services must be provided to these children and contains a good list of contacts in each state agency.


The Benefits of an Inclusive Education: Making It Work

In an increasing number of early childhood programs around the country, teachers, children, and parents are discovering the benefits of educating young children with special needs together with their same-age peers. Since learning is so important in the early years, this is the best time for children to begin to respect all people's differences and the contributions each individual makes.


What Is Early Intervention?

Early intervention applies to children of school age or younger who are discovered to have or be at risk of developing a handicapping condition or other special need that may affect their development. Early intervention consists in the provision of services such children and their families for the purpose of lessening the effects of the condition. Early intervention can be remedial or preventive in nature--remediating existing developmental problems or preventing their occurrence.


Suicide and the Exceptional Child

Very little information is available regarding the prevalence of depression or suicide in students who receive special education services. Estimates of the prevalence of depression or symptoms of depression among children and youth with learning or behavior problems tend to be higher than those for the general population. Children with symptoms of depression, particularly gifted children or children who do not also exhibit symptoms of another disorder, may be overlooked in the school referral process for special education services


Directories of Summer Camps For Children With Disabilities

This is a Directory of Summer Camps from NICHCY which also lists summer work experiences, international exchange programs and travel agencies for adolescents and adults with disabilities.


Facts You Can Use

Written by the HEATH Resource Center, this article contains a wide variety of statistics relating to education and disabilities.


Holiday Toy Adaptation Opens Up a World of Play for Kids With Disabilities

Occupational therapists and technicians from Allied Services rehabilitation hospitals have developed a way to make playtime fun and rewarding for children with disabilities. Through Allied's Annual Holiday Toy Adaptation Program, children with special needs can have their toys custom-modified so that they can use and enjoy them. Read what they have done, and contact them to see how you can set up a similar program in your area.


Holiday Toy Guide for Differently Abled Kids

The National Lekotek Center and the National Parent Network on Disabilities, in conjunction with Toys R Us released its seventh annual Toys "R" Us Toy Guide For Differently Abled Kids. This news release tells you how you can receive your free copy of this guide to 60 different toys.


Including Students with Disabilities in General Education Classrooms

One of the educational options that is receiving increasing attention is meeting the needs of students with disabilities in the regular classroom. This digest is written for the practitioner who is working in the regular class environment with students who have disabilities.


Integrating Children with Disabilities into Preschool

These days, community preschool programs are increasingly likely to have at least one child with disabilities in their classes. Although providing early intervention to children with disabilities in an inclusive environment designed to meet the needs of all children is commonly regarded as best practice, concerns are sometimes raised about the ability of preschool programs to meet the needs of children developing normally as well as those with developmental delays. This article provides information on preschool programs that include children both with and without disabilities.


New IDEA Bill Clarifies Parental Role in School Meetings for Special Education Students

The Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) contained numerous amendments to the original IDEA law passed in the 1970s, attempting to address some of the weaknesses of the old legislation. According to IDEA, in all states, parents will now be included in groups making eligibility and placement decisions about children with disabilities.


NICHCY: General Info About Disabilities

General information about Disabilities including Services For Infants, Toddlers, and Preschoolers with Disabilities and a list of resources for additional information.


NICHCY: General Information about Emotional Disturbance

This article from National Information Center for Children and Youth with Disabilities (NICHCY) gives general information about about emotional disturbance including definition, incidence, characteristics, educational implications, and a list of resources and organizations.


NICHCY: National Resources

This article contains a selected list of resources for national organizations concerned with disability and children's issues.


Preparing Children with Disabilities for School

"All disadvantaged and disabled children will have access to high quality and developmentally appropriate preschool programs that help prepare children for school" (from Goal 1, National Goals for Education, 1990). Here's a list of questions and answers for preparing children with disabilities for school.


Social Security Disability Insurance

Social Security Disability Insurance (SSDI) is a federal cash benefit that may be available if a person is disabled. These are benefits payable to children with disabilities who are under the age of 18 because a parent is collecting retirement or disability benefits from Social Security or children who are entitled to benefits because the child is under the age of 18 and a parent has died.


Testing Students with Disabilities

Generally, the best methods for assessing students with disabilities coincide with legally defensible methods for this activity. The considerations involved in assessing students with disabilities are presented in this digest under three related activities: test selection, test administration, and test interpretation, with additional considerations are noted at the conclusion.


Screening for School Entry

Screening programs for children entering school are widespread, and their use is increasing. Screening is used to predict which pupils are likely to have problems in regular classrooms and to identify those who may be eligible for particular programs, such as special education. This digest summarizes current practices and issues in screening young children and lists recommendations for screening procedures used with children entering school.


Making Drama Activities Accessible To Participants With Disabilities

Wild Swan Theater announces the availability of Dramatically Able, a teacher's handbook and video tape that will help teachers and youth leaders make drama accessible to children and adolescents with disabilities.


Update Online Access For People With Disabilities

CompuServe Incorporated (Nasdaq: CSRV) and Henter-Joyce, Inc., St. Petersburg, Florida, have agreed to work together on a solution that updates accessibility to the CompuServe(R) Information Service and the Internet by visually impaired members.

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