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Oral and Written English Language Conventions

Draft Standards From The State of California Academic Standards Commission



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State of California Academic Standards Commission



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Students use knowledge of standard English conventions in their oral and written work.

KINDERGARTEN


Sentence Structure:

1.1 recognize and use correct word order in sentences when speaking

Spelling:

1.2. use phonetic knowledge and sounds of the alphabet to spell independently



Students use knowledge of standard English conventions, including punctuation, capitalization, usage, spelling, and sentence and paragraph structure in their oral and written work.

GRADE 1 GRADE 2 GRADE 3 GRADE 4


Sentence Structure:

1.1. write and speak in complete, coherent sentences

Grammar:

1.2. identify and use singular and plural nouns

1.3. identify and use contractions (e.g., isn't, aren't, can't, won't) and singular possessives (e.g. 's, my/mine, his/her, hers, your/s) in writing and speaking

Punctuation:

1.4. use period, exclamation mark or question mark at the end of sentences

Capitalization:

1.5. capitalize first word of a sentence, names of people, and the pronoun "I"

Spelling:

1.6. spell three and four letter short vowel words and phonetically spell other sight words


Sentence Structure:

1.1 distinguish between complete and incomplete sentences and recognize and use correct word order in written and oral sentences

Grammar:

1.2. identify and use various parts of speech, including nouns and verbs in writing and speaking

Punctuation:

1.3. use commas in greeting and closures in a letter and with dates and words in a series

1.4. use quotation marks

Capitalization:

1.5. capitalize all proper nouns, words at the beginning of sentences and in greetings, months and days of the week, and titles and initials of people

Spelling:

1.6. spell high frequency words irregular words (e.g., who, what, why)


Sentence Structure:

1.1. demonstrate understanding of, and use, complete and concise declarative, interrogative, imperative, and exclamatory sentences in writing and speaking

Grammar:

1.2. identify and use subject/verb agreement, pronouns, adjectives, compound words, and articles in writing and speaking

1.3. use past, present, and future verb tenses in writing and speaking

1.4. identify and use subject and predicate of single-clause sentences in writing and speaking

Punctuation:

1.5. punctuate dates, city and state, and titles of books

Capitalization:

1.6. capitalize geographical names, holidays, historical periods, and special events

Spelling:

1.7. spell one-syllable words with blends; orthographic patterns (e.g., qu, consonant doubling, change y to i); and, contractions compounds and homophones (hair-hare)


Sentence Structure:

1.1. use simple and compound sentences in writing and speaking

1.2. combine short, related sentences with appositives, participial phrases, adjectives, adverbs, and prepositional phrases

Grammar:

1.3. identify and use regular and irregular verbs, adverbs, propositions, and coordinating conjunctions in writing and speaking

 

Punctuation:

1.4. use commas in series, dates, locations, and addresses; apostrophes in possessives and contractions; and parentheses

1.5. use underlining, quotations or italics to identify titles

 

Capitalization:

1.6. capitalize names of magazines, newspapers, works of art, musical compositions; names of organizations; and first word in quotations

 

Spelling:

1.7. spell syllable constructions (closed, open, consonant before) and syllable boundary patterns and roots, inflections, suffixes, and prefixes



Students write and speak with a command standard English conventions, including punctuation, capitalization, usage, spelling, and sentence and paragraph structure.

GRADE 5 GRADE 6 GRADE 7 GRADE 8

 

Grammar:

1.1. identify and use troublesome verbs (e.g., lie/lay, sit/set, rise/raise), modifiers; and nominative, objective and possessive pronouns

Sentence Structure:

1.2. use prepositional phrases, appositives, independent and dependent clauses, and transitions and conjunctions to elaborate ideas

Punctuation:

1.3. use colon to separate hours and minutes and to introduce a list and quotation marks around exact words of speaker and names of poems, songs, short stories, etc.

Capitalization:

1.4. use correct capitalization

Spelling:

1.5. spell roots, suffixes and prefixes correctly


Grammar:

1.1. identify and use present perfect, past perfect, and future perfect tense: subject-verb agreement with compound subjects and indefinite pronouns

Sentence Structure:

1.2. use simple, compound and compound complex sentences, and

effective coordination and subordination of ideas to express complete thoughts

Punctuation:

1.3. use colons in business letters, semi-colons to connect independent clauses, commas when linking two clauses with a conjunction in compound sentences

Capitalization:

1.4. use correct capitalization

Spelling:

1.5. spell frequently misspelled words correctly (e.g., their, they're, there)


Grammar:

1.1. identify and use infinitives and participles and clear pronoun/antecedent reference

1.2. identify

1) all parts of speech

2) types and structure of sentences

3) mechanics (e.g., quotations, commas at end of dependent clause)

4)usage (pronoun reference)

Sentence Structure:

1.3. use properly placed modifiers

and the active voice

 

Punctuation:

1.4. use hyphen, dash, brackets, semi-colon between two clauses of a compound sentence not joined by a conjunction

Capitalization:

1.5. use correct capitalization

Spelling:

1.6. spell derivatives correctly by applying the spellings of bases and affixes


Grammar:

1.1. edit written manuscripts to demonstrate control of grammar

Sentence Structure:

1.2. use correct and varied sentence types and sentence openings to reinforce the presentation of a lively and effective personal style

1.3. use parallel structures in all written discourse, using similar grammatical forms to present items in a series, complements , and items juxtaposed for emphasis

1.4. use subordination, coordination, apposition, and other devices to indicate the relationship between ideas clearly

Punctuation and Capitalization:

1.5. use correct punctuation and capitalization

Spelling:

1.6. spell correctly



Students write and speak with a command standard English conventions, including punctuation, capitalization, usage, spelling, and sentence and paragraph structure.

GRADE 9 GRADE 10 GRADE 11 GRADE 12


Grammar & Mechanics:

1.1. identify types of clauses (e.g., main and subordinate); phrases (e.g., gerunds, infinitives, and participles); mechanics (e.g., semi-colons, colons, and hyphens); usage (e.g., tense consistency); and sentence structure (parallel structure, properly placed modifiers)

Manuscript Form:

1.2. demonstrate control of grammar, paragraph and sentence structure, diction, syntax and usage

1.3. produce legible work that shows accurate spelling and correct use of the conventions of punctuation and capitalization

1.4. reflect appropriate manuscript requirements, including

1) title page presentation

2) pagination

3) spacing and margins

4) integration of source and support material (e.g., in-text citation, use of direct quotes, paraphrasing)


Manuscript Form:

1.1. demonstrate control of grammar, paragraph and sentence structure, diction, and usage

1.2. produce legible work that shows accurate spelling and correct use of the conventions of punctuation and capitalization

1.3. reflect appropriate manuscript requirements


Manuscript Form:

1.1. demonstrate control of grammar, paragraph and sentence structure, diction, and usage

1.2. produce legible work that shows accurate spelling and correct use of the conventions of punctuation and capitalization

1.3. reflect appropriate manuscript requirements


Manuscript Form:

1.1. demonstrate control of grammar, paragraph and sentence structure, diction, and usage

1.2. produce legible work that shows accurate spelling and correct use of the conventions of punctuation and capitalization

1.3. reflect appropriate manuscript requirements





Credits

The Draft Standards were prepared by:

The State of California Academic Standards Commission
The Commission for the Establishment of Academic Content and Performance Standards Comments may be addressed to The Commission

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